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Approaches, Methods and Techniques

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Approaches, methods, and techniques in English methodology are crucial for effective language teaching. Approaches provide the underlying principles and theories guiding instruction, such as communicative language teaching or task-based learning. Methods offer structured frameworks for implementing these principles, like the Direct Method or the Audio-Lingual Method. Techniques are specific, practical  activities and strategies used within methods to engage students and facilitate learning, such as role-plays or grammar drills. Together, they ensure a comprehensive, adaptable, and responsive educational experience that caters to diverse learner needs and contexts.


1. The names of methods/approaches and persons are given below.

A) Direct method i) C.C.Fries
B) Structural approach ii) Dr.West
C) New method iii) H.N.L.Shastri
D) Bi-lingual method iv) H.E.Palmer

1) A-iv, B-i, C-ii, D-iii   2) A-iv, B-iii, C-ii, D-i

3) A-iv, B-i, C-iii, D-ii   4) A-iv, B-ii, C-i, D-iii


2. Which of the following is not a technique?

1) Noral drills

2) Oral drills

3) Oral presentation by the teacher

4) Writing a lesson plan


3. Identify the correct statement.

1) We cannot have some methods under some approach

2) There can be some approaches under a technique

3) There can be some methods based on a certain approach

4) We have some approaches under a method


4. “The teacher gives the meanings of difficult words in the pupil’s mother tongue”. This is a principle involved in….

1) The grammar-translation method

2) The Direct method

3) The Bilingual method

4) The reading method of Dr.West


5. Substitution drill is a technique used in ….

1) The grammar-translation method

2) The Direct method

3) The Bilingual method

4) The reading method of Dr.West


6. The function based and task-centered approach is….

1) The S - O - S method (Structural - Oral - Situational)

2) The structural approach

3) The communicative approach

4) The situational approach


7. An approach has a…….

1) Learning principle behind it

2) method behind it   3) technique behind it

4) Some language patterns behind it


8. The following focuses on natural way of learning a second language like that of the acquisition of the first language

1) Direct method   2) Translation method

3) S - O - S method   4) Bilingual method


9. The following is an important feature of grammar translation method.

1) Having elaborated explanations of grammar

2) Having fixed limitations of language functions

3) Having elaborated explanations of language functions

4) Having limited explanations of grammar


10. Foreign language teaching must carried out in the same way how children learn their mother tongue. This idea belongs to

1) Direct method 2) Translation method

3) S - O - S method 4) Bilingual method


11. Classroom activities are carried out only in the target language. Use of mother tongue is strictly avoided.

1) Direct method   2) Translation method

3) S - O - S method   4) Bilingual method


12. The approach that came into practice as an alternative to direct method was

1) The sentence approach

2) The word approach

3) The S - O - S approach

4) Communicative approach


13. The method that establishes a direct bond between word and its meaning, experience and expression

1) Direct method   2) Translation method

3) New method   4) Bilingual method


14. One of the important principles of direct method is

1) Vocabulary teaching is quick and economic

2) Word is the unit of speech

3) Grammar can easily and effectively taught

4) Sentence is the unit of speech


15. One of the most important advocates of S - O - S approach was

1) Ruth Wier   2) A.S.Hornb

3) Noam Chomsky   4) Watson


16. Role of a teacher in communicative approach is

1) Teacher is no longer an instructor, driller, but a leader in a discussion and promoter of participation

2) He facilitates co-operative learning opportunities during interactions by playing a directive role

3) He encourages the learners to ask  insightful questions, explain, and discussion their confusions

4) All the above


17. Which is the correct statement among the following?

1) The grammar translation method is natural

2) The direct methos is unnatural

3) The direct method neglects reading and writing

4) The grammar translation method neglects reading and writing


18. Drills form an important technique of this approach?

1) Direct approach

2) Communicative approach

3) S - O - S approach

4) Bilingual approach


19. The textbook method is called

1) West’s method

2) Translation method

3) Grammar method

4) Audio lingual method


20. Direct method is also known as

1) Natural method

2) Grammar Translation method

3) Inductive method 4) Bilingual method


21. An overall plan for the orderly presentation of language material is known as

1) An approach 2) A method

3) A technique   4) A game


22. The approach that came into practice as an alternative to direct method was

1) The sentence approach

2) The word approach

3) The S - O - S approach

4) Communicative approach


23. The following establishes a relation between theory and practice of language teaching

1) A method   2) A technique

3) An approach   4) A strategy


24. The method that can be used to teach classical languages in India is

1) Direct method

2) Grammar Translation method

3) S - O - S method

4) Bilingual method


25. Translation from one language to the other language is completely avoided in

1) Direct method   2) Situational method

3) S - O - S method    4) Bilingual method


26. The following is not a technique

1) Role play   2) Pair work

3) Language game   4) Suggestopedia


27. The first method introduced in India to teach English was

1) Total Physical response

2) Grammar Translation method

3) Monitor method

4) Direct method


28. Structural approach gives importance to

1) Letter writing    2) Speech

3) Review writing  4) Writing an invitation letter


29. A sentence is the unit of speech in

1) Direct method   2) Translation method

3) Natural method   4) Bilingual method


30. Behaviorist approach is known as

1) Structural approach   2) Establishment

3) Conditioning   4) Contributing


31. The following is a method of teaching language through commands

1) Total physical response

2) Dr.West's new method

3) Bilingual method

4) Grammar translation method


32. Which approach helps students to develop phonemic awareness which is essential for reading and spelling success?

1) Whole language approach

2) Phonic instruction

3) Situational approach

4) Direct approach


33. In Bilingual method, difficult words are better translated into mother tongue.

1) to confuse the learners

2) to make learners happy

3) to save time

4) to develop a foreign language


34. The following method establishes direct link between the thought and the expression in the target language.

1) Direct method

2) Bilingual method

3) Grammar translation method

4) Total physical response


Answers
 

1-1; 2-4; 3-3; 4-3; 5-2; 6-3; 7-2; 8-1; 9-1; 10-1; 11-1; 12-3; 13-1; 14-4; 15-2; 16-4; 17-3; 18-3; 19-1; 20-1; 21-1; 22-2; 23-3; 24-2; 25-1; 26-4; 27-2; 28-2; 29-1; 30-3; 31-1; 32-2; 33-3; 34-1.


Writer: Putnam Ravi Kumar

Posted Date : 13-06-2024

 

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

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