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Sentence Re-arrangement

Sentence re-arrangement is one of the key topics asking in many competitive examinations. Candidates need to re-arrange a bunch of statements which are given in a jumbled
manner to a correct order of sentence. Candidates need to analyze the statements carefully before answering the questions.

Candidates must aware that, with the increase in competition for the jobs, the exam conducting bodies will keep enhancing the level of questions to be asked. So, the topic
remains same, but the standard of questions tends to change more often.

Some useful tips

* Carefully read all the given statements and analyze the common point between them and then start rearranging them into a sentence.

* Refer the statements as if there is any pattern between them and try relating them with the help of prepositions, conjunctions, adverbs etc. given in the other statements. This will give a clearer idea of how the sentences can be re-arranged.

* Candidates with strong vocabulary knowledge can re-arrange the sentences quicker as they can understand the meanings of the words given in each statement.

* Sentences with one static statement are comparatively easier to solve because the candidate can get an idea about the full sentence.

* After re-arranging all the statements correctly, re-read the entire sentence to ensure that it is logically and grammatically correct.

Generally, there are 4 formats in which the sentence re-arrangement questions can be asked in various competitive exams:

1. Basic Format   

2. Static-First Statement

3. Static-Last Statement

4. Static-First and Last Statements

Model Questions

Basic Format: In this format, all the statements are given in a jumbled form and the candidates need to re-arrange them into a correct form of sentence.

Directions (Qs. 1 - 3): In the questions given below, a sentence is divided into four statements labelled (A), (B), (C) and (D), arranged not necessarily in the correct order. You have to find the correct order of arrangement from the options given below. In case, the sentence is correct in its original form, please select (E) as your answer. Ignore the errors in punctuation, if any.

1. Domestic sphere and prevents them from undertaking (A)/ constructed role for women places them in the (B)/ social, economic, and political activities designated for men (C)/ in traditional, patriarchal societies, the culturally (D).

A) ACDB   B) BADC   C) DACB

D) DBAC   E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: ‘them’ is a pronoun, used to refer to a group of people, animals or things (nouns). We know that there should be at least one statement before the statement (A) to refer that noun, so the sentence cannot start with (A). An English sentence cannot be a meaningful sentence if it started with a verb (especially a verb in past tense), because a verb (‘constructed’ here) lacks a noun before it. Also, we know that a basic English statement starts with a subject (noun/ pronoun), followed by a verb and then followed by an object
(noun/ pronoun), simply (S + V + O). So, the sentence cannot start with (B) because ‘constructed’ is a verb of past tense. Since there was no proper subject to form a sentence, we cannot start the sentence with the statement (C) also. So, the sentence starts with (D). At the end of the statement (D), the adverb ‘culturally’ is present. We know that an adverb is used to modify a verb. So, the statement (B) which contain a verb (constructed) will be the second statement. Third statement should be (A) because ‘them’ is used here to refer the nouns stated in (D). Remaining (C) will be the last sentence. So, the correct sequence is DBAC.

Ans: D 

2. Upon wrecking the multilateral framework of the WTO (A)/ of the World Trade Organization at Buenos Aires is anything (B)/ if the recently concluded 11th Ministerial Conference (C)/ to go by, then the United States seems bent (D). 

A) CBDA B) DCAB C) ACBD

D) CABD E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: ‘Upon’, ‘of’ and ‘to’ are prepositions. We know that, the best way to start a sentence with a preposition is ‘as an introductory phrase’ [Ex: Of all the places I have visited, Hyderabad is the best one]. But the statements (A), (B) and (D) are not the introductory phrases here. So, the sentence starts with (C) only. (B) will be the second statement because the preposition ‘of’ present in the statement expresses the relationship with the noun ‘conference’ in (C). Statement (D) that which started with the words “to go by” is linked with the
second statements (B’s) last word ‘anything’. “Anything to go by” is a phrase, means that something has taken as an example. Here the conference has taken as an example. So, (D) will be the third statement and (A) is the last one. So, the correct sequence is CBDA.

Ans:

3. Rolling out mobile internet and (A)/ a total of 122 licenses had been given (B)/ out to various telecom companies for (C)/ voice services all across the country (D).

A) BCAD   B) CABD  C) BACD

D) ACBD  E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: The word “rolling out” is a phrasal verb, means the official launch or introduction of a new product or a service. Since there is no previous statement that provide information regarding the product, the sentence cannot start with the statement (A). We know that a sentence cannot start with a preposition unless it is ‘an introductory phrase.’ So, option (C) will be eliminated because ‘out’ is not an introductory phrase. Option (D) will also be eliminated because, the statement ended with a noun (here country) and an auxiliary verb should come after that. But no statement has started with an auxiliary verb in all the statements. So, the sentence starts with (B) only. (C) will be second statement because the statement clarified the first statement (B) that ‘to whom the licenses were given to’. (A) will be the third sentence because it clarified the second statement (C), ‘for which purpose
the licenses were given’. (D) is the last sentence. So, the correct sequence is BCAD. 

Ans: A

Static-First Statement: In this format, the first statement will be constant and the candidates have to re-arrange the other statements to make it as a complete sentence.

Directions (Qs. 4 - 6): In the questions given below, a sentence has been split into five parts labelled as (1), (A), (B), (C) and (D), arranged not necessarily in the correct order. Please consider that part (1) given in bold letters is the starting statement of the sentence. To make the sentence both meaningful and grammatically correct, the re-arrangement has to be done with the parts (A), (B), (C) and (D). In case, the sentence is correct in its original form, please select (E) as your answer. Ignore the errors in punctuation, if any.

4. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s announcement on Independence Day that Ayushman Bharat (1)/ is finally recognizing the link between (A)/ will be launched formally on September 25 sends out the signal that the government (B)/ health care and economic development (C)/ or the national Health Protection mission (D).

A) DBAC  B) DABC  C) CBAD

D) BACD E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: The statement (1) ended with a noun. So, the next word should be a verb (preferably  an auxiliary verb here) or any other noun connected with a conjunction. We have no options to eliminate at present. If we choose (A) as the first statement, only (A) and (C) options will form a sentence and the other two options {(B) and (D)} will be left out. So, (A) is not the first statement. If we take option (B) as the first statement, it will form a sentence with (A) and (C) and option (D) will be left out. So, (B) is not the first statement also. If we choose (C) as the first statement, it links with the statement (A) only and the other two options will be left out and it will not be the first statement. So, the first statement is (D).
The statement (D) also ended with a noun. So, the next word should be a verb (preferably auxiliary verb) or any other noun connected with a conjunction. We have three options (A), (B) and (C) left now. If we choose (A) as the second statement, only (A) and (C) options will form a sentence and option (B) will be left out. So, (A) is not the second sentence. If we choose (C) as the first statement, it links with the statement (A) only and option (B) will be left out. So, (B) is the second statement. The second statement also ended with a noun. So, the next word should be a verb (preferably an auxiliary verb here) or any other noun connected with a conjunction. Clearly (C) will be eliminated because it cannot form a meaningful
sentence with the remaining statement (A). So, option (A) become the third statement and (C) will be the last statement. So, the correct sequence is DBAC.

Ans: A

5. Schools are competing to (1)/ but shifting policies mean that (A)/ bring international STEM students to the U.S., (B)/ taking open jobs that could allow them to stay in the country
(C)/ many students are prevented from (D). 

A) CDAB  B) ACBD  C) BADC

D) BCAD  E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: Statement (1) started the sentence in Present Continuous tense form (Subject + (is/ am/ are) + V1 + ing + Object), fulfiled the subject and verb cases and it ended
with a preposition ‘to’. The sentence should finish with an object and we haven’t found any object as the starting word of all the four statements. To solve these kinds of problems, there is a topic called infinite verbs. An infinite verb is formed by joining the word “to” before a verb in its present form (V1). Now, the word acts as a noun, an adjective or an adverb. So, as a continuation to the statement (1), we have to search for a verb in its present form. We find the verb “bring” as the starting word in Option (B). So, by joining “to and bring” together, ‘to bring’ acts a noun. Now the sentence completed with the meaning “Schools are competing to bring international STEM students to the U.S.” So, option (B) is the first statement. Option (A) will be the continuation of (B), because it is starting with the conjunction “but”, stating that there are some problems in shifting the policies for bringing
the students. So, (A) is the second statement. Option (D) will come after (A) because, option (A) ended with the word “that”. “That” is normally used to point out a person or an
object, distant to the speaker, or add a clause which enhance the meaning of subject. Here, the statement (D) pointed out the students. So, option (D) is the third statement and the remaining (C) will be the last one. So, the correct sequence is BADC.

Ans:

6. The two Democrats are (1)/ that could ease (A / clashing over legislation (B)/ regulatory requirements on banks (C)/ adopted after the 2008 recession (D). 

A) BDAC  B) CADB C) BCAD

D) BACD  E) No re-arrangement required

Explanation: Statement (1) started the sentence in Present Continuous tense form (Subject + (is/ am/ are) + V1 + ing + Object), fulfiled the subject and ended with an auxiliary
verb “are”. So, the next statement should start with V1 + ing (a verb in continuous form). Option (B) started with the verb “clashing”. So, (B) is the first statement. Option (B) ended with a noun and the options (A) and (D) are the possibilities to be as next statements and (C) will be eliminated because an adjective (regulatory) has come after a noun here. But in general, an adjective should come before a noun, so it is eliminated. Option (A) will be the second statement because, here the word “that” is acting as a determiner, placed after a noun to enhance the meaning of the subject. We have the options (C) and (D) left now. As the option (A) ended with the noun “ease”, option (D) will not be connected to (C) because it failed bring a meaningful sentence. So, (C) will be the third statement and (D) is the last sentence. The correct sequence is BACD.

Ans: D

Posted Date : 18-09-2021

 

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