Directions (Qs. 1 - 5): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These members are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate words.
A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft .....(1)..... of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more .....(2)..... underwater capability. The term is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated vehicles and robots, as well as medium-sized or smaller vessels, such as the midget submarine and the wet sub.
Submarines are referred to as boats rather than ships irrespective of their size. Although experimental submarines had been built earlier, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were .....(3)..... by several navies.
They were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and are now used in many navies, large and small. Military ....(4).... include attacking enemy surface ships (merchant and military) or other submarines, and for aircraft carrier protection, blockade running, nuclear deterrence, reconnaissance, conventional land attack (for example, using a cruise missile), and covert .....(5)..... of special forces.
1. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) Burden B) Complace C) Capable D) Sufficient
Sol: Burden: the main theme or gist of a speech, book, or argument.
Complace: marked by self-satisfaction especially when accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies
Capable: having the ability, fitness, or quality necessary to do or achieve a specified thing. Sufficient: enough; adequate.
2. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) eradicated B) limited C) segregated D) barred
Sol: eradicated: depicted with the roots exposed.
limited: restricted in size, amount, or extent; few, small, or short.
segregated: set apart from each other; isolated or divided.
barred: closed or secured with a long rigid piece of wood, metal, or similar material.
3. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) adapted B) scuttled C) adopted D) erased
Sol: adapted: make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify.
scuttled: run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps.
adopted: legally take (another's child) and bring it up as one's own.
erased: depicted as cut off in a jagged line.
4. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) useful B) used C) using D) uses
Sol: useful: able to be used for a practical purpose or in several ways.
used: having already been used
using: it is a verb of "use"
uses: take, hold, or deploy (something) as a means of accomplishing or achieving something; employ.
5. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) insertion B) transmission C) collection D) selection
Sol: Insertion: The action of inserting something.
Transmission: The action or process of transmitting something, or the state of being transmitted.
collection: The action or process of collecting someone or something.
selection: The action or fact of carefully choosing someone or something as being the best or most suitable.
Directions (Qs. 6 - 10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These members are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate words.
A key .....(6) ..... for the agriculture sector is to feed an increasing global population, while at the same time .....(7)..... the environmental impact and preserving natural resources for future generations. Agriculture can have .....(8)..... impacts on the environment. While negative impacts are serious, and can include pollution and degradation of soil, water, and air, agriculture can also positively impact the environment, for instance by trapping greenhouse gases within crops and soils, or .....(9)..... flood risks through the adoption of certain farming practices. The OECD monitors the linkages between the environment and agriculture, identifies successful agricultural policies that mitigate the negative environmental impacts while enhancing the positive ones, and provides .....(10)..... to improve policy coherence for environmental performance of the agricultural sector.
6. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) challenge B) competition C) experience D) experiment
Sol: challenge: a call to someone to participate in a competitive situation or fight to decide who is superior in terms of ability or strength.
competition: The activity or condition of striving to gain or win something by defeating or establishing superiority over others.
experience: practical contact with and observation of facts or events.
experiment: a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact.
7. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) surveillance B) significant C) vigilant D) remanant
Sol: surveillance: close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
significant: sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy.
vigilant: keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
remanant: residual, remaining of, relating to, or characterized by remanence.
8. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) reviving B) mitigating C) transferring D) fugitive
Sol: reviving: restore to life or consciousness.
mitigating: having the effect of making something bad less severe, serious, or painful.
transferring: move from one place to another.
fugitive: a person who has escaped from captivity or is in hiding.
9. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) deterioration B) arrangements C) accomplishments D) recommendations
Sol: deterioration: the process of becoming progressively worse.
arrangements: the action, process, or result of arranging or being arranged.
accomplishments: something that has been achieved successfully.
recommendations: a suggestion or proposal as to the best course of action, especially one put forward by an authoritative body.
Directions (Qs. 11 - 15): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These members are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate words.
Irrigation, in agriculture. the .....(11)..... application of water to land. Some land requires irrigation before it is possible to use it for any agricultural .....(12)...... In other places, irrigation is primarily a means to supplement rainfall and serves to increase production. Some land, of course, does not need any irrigation. Although the practice may be used for nonagricultural purposes to .....(13)..... the environment, this article is limited to irrigation in agricultural contexts. Irrigation and drainage improvements are not necessarily mutually exclusive. Often both may be required together to assure sustained high-level production of crops. For a discussion of the .....(14)..... of drainage practices in agriculture, see drainage. The first consideration in planning an irrigation project is developing a water supply. Water supplies may be classified as surface or subsurface. Though both surface and subsurface water come from precipitation such as rain or snow, it is far more difficult to determine the .....(15)..... of subsurface water.
10. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A original B) artificial C) pure D) impure
Sol: original: present or existing from the beginning; first or earliest.
artificial: made or produced by human beings rather than occurring naturally, especially as a copy of something natural.
pure: not mixed or adulterated with any other substance or material.
impure: mixed with foreign matter; adulterated.
11. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) production B) occurrence C) supply D) solidarity
Sol: production: the action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured.
occurrence: an incident or event.
supply: make (something needed or wanted) available to someone; provide.
solidarity: unity or agreement of feeling or action, especially among individuals with a common interest; mutual support within a group.
12. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) demolish B) exchange C) improve D) ellicit
Sol: demolish: pull or knock down (a building).
exchange: an act of giving one thing and receiving another (especially of the same kind) in return.
improve: make or become better.
ellicit: evoke or draw out (a reaction, answer, or fact) from someone.
13. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) role B) roll C) evoke D) knock
Sol: role: an actor's part in a play, film, etc.
roll: move in a particular direction by turning over and over on an axis.
evoke: bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.
knock: strike a surface noisily to attract attention, especially when waiting to be let in through a door.
14. Solve as per the DIRECTION given above:
A) successive B) first C) start D) origin
Sol: successive: following one another or following others.
first: coming before all others in time or order; earliest; 1st.
start: begin or be reckoned from a particular point in time or space.
origin: the point or place where something begins, arises, or is derived.