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ANALOGY

Analogy means ‘similarity’ having a similar features. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. There are many ways of establishing a relationship. For example:
                       Botany  ::  Plants
                       Tailor    ::  Needle
                       Farmer  :: Field
                       Power    :: Watt


Some Models:
Directions:
      In each of the following questions, there is a certain relationship between two given words on one side of :: and one word is given on another side of :: while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the correct alternative.

*  Tree : Forest :: Grass : ?
     a) Lawn            b) Field           c) Garden           d) Farm
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A forest consists of trees and a lawn is made up of grass.

 

*  Giant: Dwarf :: Genius : ?
     a) Wicked             b) Gentle             c) Idiot             d) Polite
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The given words are opposite of each other.

 

*  Quartz : Radio :: Gypsum : ?
     a) Glass             b) Porcelain             c) Cement             d) Powder
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is used to make the second.

 

*  Chromite : Chromium :: Ilmenite : ?
     a) Limestone             b) Cobalt             c) Manganese             d) Titanium
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Chromite is a mineral of Chromium and Ilmenite is a mineral of Titanium.

 

*  Ruby : Red :: Sapphire : ?
     a) Blue             b) White             c) Green             d) Silver
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Ruby is a red precious stone and sapphire is a blue precious stone.

 

*  House : Garbage :: Ore : ?
     a) Rubbish             b) Gangue             c) Sand             d) Dregs
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: The waste of the house is called garbage. Similarly, the impurities in the ore are called gangue.

 

*  Tile : Mosaic :: Knot : ?
     a) Embroidery             b) Abacus             c) Macrame             d) Easle
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: Just as tiles in a mosaic make a pattern, so too the knots in a piece of macrame make a pattern.

 

*  Country : President :: State : ?
     a) Governor              b) Minister              c) Chief Minister              d) Citizen

Ans: ( a ).
Hint: President and governor are the nominal heads of the country and the state respectively.

 

*  Car : Garage :: Aeroplane : ?
     a) Airport               b) Depot               c) Hangar               d) Harbour
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is temporarily parked in the second.

 

*  Bread : Yeast :: Curd : ?
     a) Fungi               b) Bacteria               c) Germs               d) Virus
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: First is produced by the action of second.

 

*  Illiteracy : Education :: Flood : ?
     a) Rain               b) Bridge               c) Dam               d) River
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: 'Second helps to get rid of the first'. 'Illiteracy' can be eradicated through 'Education'. Similarly 'Flood' can be controlled by constructing 'Dam'. Hence (c) is the correct answer

 

*  Appraiser : Building :: Critic : ?
     a) Book               b) Masterpiece               c) Judge               d) Gold
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First comments of the second.

 

*  Fruit : Banana :: Mammal : ?
     a) Cow               b) Snake               c) Fish               d) Sparrow
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First denotes the class to which the second belongs.

 

*  Hill : Mountain :: Stream : ?
     a) River               b) Canal               c) Glacier               d) Avalanche
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Second is a bigger form of the first.

 

*  Court : Justice :: School : ?
     a) Teacher               b) Student               c) Ignorance               d) Education
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: First is the place where the second is imparted.

 

*  Command : Order :: Confusion : ?
     a) Discipline                b) Clarity                c) Chaos                d) Problem
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are synonyms.

 

*  Hong Kong : China :: Vatican : ?
     a) Rome                 b) Mexico                 c) Canada                 d) Christianity
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Hong Kong is a city in China. Similarly, Vatican is a city in Rome.

 

*  Push : Pull :: Throw : ?
     a) Jump                 b) Collect                 c) Pick                 d) Game
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are antonyms.

 

*  Hot : Oven :: Cold : ?
     a) Ice cream                 b) Air conditioner                 c) Snow                 d) Refrigerator
Ans: ( d ).

Hint: An oven is an appliance to keep food-items hot. Similarly, a refrigerator keeps food - items cold.
 

*  Drama : Stage :: Tennis : ?
     a) Tournament                 b) Net                 c) Court                 d) Racket
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: A drama is performed on a stage. Similarly, tennis is played in court.

*  Illness is related to Cure in the same way as Grief is related to
     a) Happiness                                 b) Ecstasy                        c) Remedy                 
                         d) Solicitude                                          e) Consolation
Ans: ( c ).
HintCure ensures removal of illness in the same way as remedy insures removal of grief.

 

*  In a certain code language Infinite means Size. What is the meaning of indefinite in that code language?
     a) Time              b) Day             c) Meaning             d) Shape               e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).

 

*  In a certain way Diploma is related to Education. Which of the following is related to Trophy in a similar way ?
     a) Sports              b) Athlete              c) Winning              d) Prize               e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A successful finish of Education equips one with Diploma. Similarly, a successful finish in Sports equips one with Trophy.

 

*  Hamlet is related to Village in the same way as Metropolis is related to
     a) District               b) Place               c) Tehsil               d) City               e) Urban
Ans: ( d ).

 

*  Income is related to Profit in the same way as Expenditure is related to
     a) Sale               b) Receipts               c) Surplus               d) Loss               e) Balance
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: When income is more than expenditure, it bears Profit. But when Expenditure is more than income, then loss occurs.

 

*  Electricity is related to Wire in the same way as Water is related to
     a) Bottle               b) Jug               c) River               d) Pipe               e) None of these

Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Wire is the medium to transmit Electricity. Similarly, Pipe is the medium to carry Water.

 

*  Hospital is related to Nurse in the same way as Court is related to
     a) Justice            b) Lawyer            c) Judgment            d) Trail               e) None of these
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: Here, the first is the working place of the second.

 

*  Which of the following is related to Melody in the same way as Delicious is related to Taste?
     a) Memory               b) Highness               c) Tongue               d) Speak               e) Voice
Ans: ( e ).
HintDelicious is the adjective used for Taste. Similarly, Melodious is the adjective used for Voice.

 

*  Apparel is related to Cloth in the same way as Footwear is related to
     a) Cobbler               b) Shoes               c) Sandals               d) Leather               e) Material
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: The first is made from the second.

Posted Date : 27-08-2020

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గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

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