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ANALOGY  

             Analogy means ‘similarity’ having a similar features. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. There are many ways of establishing a relationship. For example:
                       Botany  ::  Plants
                       Tailor    ::  Needle
                       Farmer  :: Field
                       Power    :: Watt
Some Models:
Directions:
      In each of the following questions, there is a certain relationship between two given words on one side of :: and one word is given on another side of :: while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the correct alternative.
*  Tree : Forest :: Grass : ?
a) Lawn      b) Field        c) Garden      d) Farm
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A forest consists of trees and a lawn is made up of grass.
*  Giant: Dwarf :: Genius : ?
a) Wicked        b) Gentle       c) Idiot      d) Polite
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The given words are opposite of each other.
*  Quartz : Radio :: Gypsum : ?
a) Glass        b) Porcelain       c) Cement       d) Powder
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is used to make the second.
*  Chromite : Chromium :: Ilmenite : ?
a) Limestone         b) Cobalt        c) Manganese        d) Titanium
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Chromite is a mineral of Chromium and Ilmenite is a mineral of Titanium.
*  Ruby : Red :: Sapphire : ?
a) Blue        b) White       c) Green         d) Silver
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Ruby is a red precious stone and sapphire is a blue precious stone.
*  House : Garbage :: Ore : ?
a) Rubbish        b) Gangue         c) Sand       d) Dregs
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: The waste of the house is called garbage. Similarly, the impurities in the ore are called gangue.
*  Tile : Mosaic :: Knot : ?
a) Embroidery        b) Abacus       c) Macrame         d) Easle
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: Just as tiles in a mosaic make a pattern, so too the knots in a piece of macrame make a pattern.
*  Country : President :: State : ?
a) Governor        b) Minister         c) Chief Minister          d) Citizen
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: President and governor are the nominal heads of the country and the state respectively.
*  Car : Garage :: Aeroplane : ?
a) Airport         b) Depot          c) Hangar         d) Harbour
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is temporarily parked in the second.
*  Bread : Yeast :: Curd : ?
a) Fungi          b) Bacteria          c) Germs           d) Virus
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: First is produced by the action of second.
 *  Illiteracy : Education :: Flood : ?
a) Rain           b) Bridge          c) Dam          d) River
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: 'Second helps to get rid of the first'. 'Illiteracy' can be eradicated through 'Education'. Similarly 'Flood' can be controlled by constructing 'Dam'. Hence (c) is the correct answer
*  Appraiser : Building :: Critic : ?
a) Book         b) Masterpiece          c) Judge         d) Gold
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First comments of the second.
*  Fruit : Banana :: Mammal : ?
a) Cow         b) Snake         c) Fish          d) Sparrow
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First denotes the class to which the second belongs.
*  Hill : Mountain :: Stream : ?
a) River         b) Canal         c) Glacier          d) Avalanche
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Second is a bigger form of the first.
*  Court : Justice :: School : ?
a) Teacher        b) Student        c) Ignorance         d) Education
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: First is the place where the second is imparted.
*  Command : Order :: Confusion : ?
a) Discipline         b) Clarity         c) Chaos         d) Problem
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are synonyms.
*  Hong Kong : China :: Vatican : ?
a) Rome           b) Mexico          c) Canada          d) Christianity
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Hong Kong is a city in China. Similarly, Vatican is a city in Rome.
*  Push : Pull :: Throw : ?
a) Jump         b) Collect         c) Pick        d) Game
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are antonyms.
*  Hot : Oven :: Cold : ?
a) Ice cream          b) Air conditioner          c) Snow       d) Refrigerator
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: An oven is an appliance to keep food-items hot. Similarly, a refrigerator keeps food - items cold.
*  Drama : Stage :: Tennis : ?
a) Tournament          b) Net         c) Court        d) Racket
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: A drama is performed on a stage. Similarly, tennis is played in court.
*  Illness is related to Cure in the same way as Grief is related to
a) Happiness        b) Ecstasy          c) Remedy                 
d) Solicitude         e) Consolation
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: Cure ensures removal of illness in the same way as remedy insures removal of grief.
*  In a certain code language Infinite means Size. What is the meaning of indefinite in that code language?
a) Time         b) Day             c) Meaning          d) Shape         e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).
*  In a certain way Diploma is related to Education. Which of the following is related to Trophy in a similar way ?
a) Sports         b) Athlete         c) Winning        d) Prize         e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A successful finish of Education equips one with Diploma. Similarly, a successful finish in Sports equips one with Trophy.
*  Hamlet is related to Village in the same way as Metropolis is related to
a) District          b) Place        c) Tehsil        d) City          e) Urban
Ans: ( d ).
*  Income is related to Profit in the same way as Expenditure is related to
a) Sale        b) Receipts         c) Surplus          d) Loss         e) Balance
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: When income is more than expenditure, it bears Profit. But when Expenditure is more than income, then loss occurs.
*  Electricity is related to Wire in the same way as Water is related to
a) Bottle          b) Jug         c) River       d) Pipe        e) None of these
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Wire is the medium to transmit Electricity. Similarly, Pipe is the medium to carry Water.
*  Hospital is related to Nurse in the same way as Court is related to
a) Justice        b) Lawyer        c) Judgment        d) Trail           e) None of these
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: Here, the first is the working place of the second.
*  Which of the following is related to Melody in the same way as Delicious is related to Taste?
a) Memory               b) Highness               c) Tongue               d) Speak               e) Voice
Ans: ( e ).
Hint: Delicious is the adjective used for Taste. Similarly, Melodious is the adjective used for Voice.
*  Apparel is related to Cloth in the same way as Footwear is related to
a) Cobbler        b) Shoes          c) Sandals        d) Leather         e) Material
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: The first is made from the second.

Posted Date : 07-02-2021

 

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

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