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 Rampur: A Village Economy

       Villages are the key economic sources to India. In villages across India, farming is the main production activity. Land is the most crucial factor necessary for farm activity. The factors of production are "Land, Labour, Capital and Entrepreneur." The aim of production is to produce goods and services to needy people. The minority rich people engaging the advanced technology with their own capital or influencing the Banks and barrow money with low interest to do the agricultural in their own lands. But the majority small farmers and agricultural labourers unable to get loans from Banks and other Governmental Institutions. They are borrowing money from money lenders for higher interests.
     Rampur is the best example of Indian villages to show the real life conditions.

Main Points
* In villages across India, farming is the main production activity.
* Rampur lies in the fertile alluvial plains of the Gangetic basin in the Western part of Uttar Pradesh.
* Land is the most crucial factor necessary for farm production.
* Farming is the main production activity in Rampur.
* In Rampur since 1921 there has been no expansion in land area under cultivation.
* To grow more than one crop on the same piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping.
* All farmers in Rampur grow three different crops in a year due to the well developed irrigation system.
* Dairy is a common activity in many families of Rampur.
* There are two main crops, Jowar and Bajra is one and Wheat is the other; third crop is Potato.
* They have got well developed irrigation system.
* In Rampur  of the families are landless and 55% of the families cultivate small plots of land less than two hectors size and remaining families are medium and large farmers.
* The first requirement of a producer is land and other natural resources such as water, forests, and minerals. The second requirement of a producer is labour.
* Till electricity came to Rampur, the farmers used Persian wheels for irrigation.
* The factors of production are "Land, Labour and Physical Capital".

* The state government fix a common minimum wage to be paid by all employers within the state.
* MNREGA has provided some support to the incomes of rural works. (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Assurance.)
* Non - Farm activities include small-scale manufacturing, transport, shop keeping etc.
* Most small farmers have to borrow money to arrange for the working capital.
* The medium and large farmers generally have their own savings from farming.
* Small farmers keep substantial share of production for their own family needs.
* Many kinds of transport starting from bullock carts, Tongas, Bogas, Bogeys to Motor vehicles like Motor Cycle, Jeeps, Tractors and Trucks are visible in Rampur.

Posted Date : 16-11-2020


గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

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