Questions - Answers
1. Based on the following table answer the questions given below. (Informatin Skills)
(World Historical and Predicted Populations) (in Millions)
A) Identify roughly how many centuries it took for the world population to double for the first time?
A: It took three centuries for the world population doubled their actual position in 1500 AD. It was 458 millions. It doubled to 978 millions by 1800 AD.
B) In earlier classes you have studied about colonisation look at the table and identify which of the continents the population decreased by 1800?
A: Latin America and the Caribbean continent.
C) Which continent has been most populous for most period of time?
A: The continent of Asia has been most populous for most period of time.
D) Is there any continent that is projected to show a significant decrease population in future?
A: Yes, that is Europe continent.
2. List out the impacts on society if sex ratio is too low or too high.
A: * Sex ratio is defined as number of females per 1000 males in a population. The variation of sex ratio serious impact on society.
* If the sex ratio is too high the following impacts will be on society.
i) If the female ratio is high, female majority society will be built up. It creates security, opportunities and confidence among them.
ii) Women literacy rate will be increased. Better family management will be taken place.
iii) Child marriages will be stopped, discrimination between the genders (Male and Female) will be reduced.
iv) Women can enter into each and every sector, and they took part in nation development effectively.
v) Better financial management migrations will be controlled, self employment will be increased.
* If the sex ratio is too low, the following impacts will be on the society.
i) Female discrimination is going on.
ii) Inequality between male and female arises.
iii) Male domination leads the women into slavery.
iv) Large scale child marriages may be recorded.
v) Female children are allowed for domestic work and sibling care may not send to schools.
3. Compare the Indian literacy rates with other countries: Brazil, Srilanka, South Africa, Nepal, Bangladesh, Norway, Chile, Indonesia. What similarities and differences do you note?
(Reading the text (given), understanding and interpretation)
A: Literacy rates at different world countries.
Similarities: All the countries which achieve above 90% Literacy Rate shows that Female Literacy also excellent.
Differences: The countries which achieved less than 75% i.e. Bangladesh, India, Nepal have good difference between Male and Female Literacy Rates.
4. Distinguish between Population Growth and Population Change (Conceptual Understanding)
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
1. Do girls get similar opportunities for further studies as boys? (Reflection on contemporary issues and questions)
A: * Girls are one of the important segments of population. Though the scenario of gender discrimination has been decreasing gradually from previous years, the girls still need to get required opportunities in health, education, employment as desired.
* Girls did not get similar opportunities for further studies as boys. Reasons are as follows.
i) Child marriages
ii) Lack of social security
iii) If they go for higher studies, the demand for dowry may be more.
iv) Feeling the girl child as a burden and trying to fulfil their responsibility as early as possible and religious factors.
2. Is there strong boy preference in your region? (Reflection on contemporary issues and questions)
A: Yes, even today newly married couple strongly preferred to get male children. Even though people are educating, and sex ratio is decreasing the preference for boy child is high in my region. The blind belief towards male child is ''The male child will be the successor of their family" and carry family's pride.
3. Discuss: How does literacy impact development?
A: * Literacy means basic knowledge of reading and writing.
* Literacy is a key for socio, economic development. It benefit both individuals and their communities.
* More literacy rate washout backwardness. It make people concious on health, income, getting opportunities, civil matters like Public Governance, Human Rights etc.
* Being a literate, makes a person to be active and well awarded citizen in a democracy which leads to development of the country.
4. How is an agricultural labourers different from cultivator?
A: Agriculture labour is a worker in the agriculture field. He has no right on crop. Just he does any work endorsed by the land owner (cultivator) and get daily wages. But cultivator is the owner of the crop and he may get profits if the crop yield is good or loses if the crop is damaged for any reason.
5. Observe the incriment in population of India and its growth 1901 - 2011 and answer the questions given below. (Information skills)
1. In which year did the population decrease?
A: The population was decreased in 1921.
2. From which year onwards is the population continuously increasing?
A: Population continuously increasing from 1931 onwards.
3. What could be the reason for the speed with which increases took place after Indian Independence?
A: After the independence Indian population growth had speed up. There are so many reasons behind it. They are:
* High birth rates together with declining death rates lead to increase in population.
* The infant mortality rate dropped.
* High fertility rate due to early marriages.
* Some religious superstitions.
* Declining of famines, epidemics controlled, Medical and Health facility increased.
Additional Questions - Answers
1. Read the para given below and answer the question. (Read the text (given) understanding and interpretation)
A: Medical research shows that given similar circumstances, girl children survive much better than boys. Hence if there was no discrimination, the number of girls should be higher as much as boys.
Q: Discrimination has been decreased over the years. Do you support it?
A: * Yes, I think discrimination of the girl child has decreased over the years.
* People have realised up to a great extent that girls are not inferior to boys.
* Girl children proved their abilities in all fields better than boys.
* Even in rural areas parents coming forward to send their children for higher studies.
* Women entered even in military, Navy, Air Force which require extraordinary combat skills and courage.
* They are exhibiting great skills in all departments in which previously men only used to dominate.
2. What is infantcide? What is its effect on sex ratio?
A: Infantcide refers to the act of killing of a new born child. Feeling that a female child is a burden to the family, some families prefer infantcide. This adversly affects sex ratio as female population decreases.
3. Write about fertility rate in India.
A: * The total fertility rate is the number of children that is likely to be born to a women if she were to live to the end of her child bearing years and bear children in accordance with current pattern.
* The fertility rate of India in 1960 was more than 5.6 which indicates that on an average each women was likely to bear five or six children.
* Present fertility rate in India is 2.7
* Present fertility rate in Andhra Pradesh is 1.9
4. How can we group the population of a nation?
A: The population of a nation is generally grouped into three broad categories.
i) Children (below 15 years)
ii) Working Age (15 - 59 years)
iii) Aged (Above 59 years)
5. Define sex ratio.
A: Sex ratio is the number of females per 1000 males in the population. As per Census - 2011 sex ratio of India is 940.
6. Write about the history of Census of India?
A: The Census of India is an autonomous body. In India the first census was taken in 1872. The first complete census however was taken in 1881. Since then census have been held regularly every ten years once. India's population as of 2011 is 12,10,193,422 crores. These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country's vast area of 3.28 million square k.m.
7. What is density of population?
A: The density of population denotes the number of persons available per square kilometer of area. The distribution of population whether highly concentrated or sparsely distributed can be known for the measurment of density of population. The population density of India in the year 2001 was 382 persons per kilometer.