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English language - 3

 Directions (Q. 1-7): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any will be in one part of the sentence. the number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is 5.

1. Drastic poll reforms (1)/ are necessary before (2)/ the Lok Sabha election (3)/ due for the year 2014 (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  4

Key: Replace 'due for' with 'due to'.

2. No sooner he had seen his brother (1)/ coming to him (2)/ than he moved forward (3)/ to greet him. (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  1

Key: It should be 'No sooner had he seen his brother'.

3. For all practical purposes, (1)/ political science was the political philosophy (2)/ and was studied such as before (3)/ it was born as a eparate, autonomous discipline. (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  3

Key: 'Such as' should be replaced with 'as such'.

4. Machiavelli, more than any other individual (1)/ and despite the fact that he is hardly (2)/ a political theorist, is father (3)/ of modern political theory. (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  3

Key: Write 'the' before 'father'.

5. All the political philosophers have (1)/ began the study of (2)/ the state with (3)/ the study of the man. (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  2

Key: Replace 'began' with 'begun'.

6.  The quarrels that arise over (1)/ private property is due (2)/ not to its being private but to (3)/ the wickedness of human nature. (4)/ No rror (5).

Ans:  2

Key: Replace 'is' with 'are'.

7. According to Aristotle, Arithmetic, Algebra (1)/ Geometry, Physics and Chemistry (2)/ are par excellent (3)/ Theoretical sciences. (4)/ No error (5).

Ans:  3

Key: Replace 'excellent' with 'excellence'.

1-7: Meanings

        Drastic = powerful, strong

        Autonomous = independent

        Discipline = control, govern

        Par excellence = the very best.

Directions (Q. 8-11): In each of these questions, two sentences (I) and (II) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words 1), 2), 3), 4) and 5) are suggested. Out of these only one fits both the places in the context of the sentence. The number of that word is the answer.

8. I. This claim seems to us to be rather ————

    II. Those figures alone are a  ———— basis for such a conclusion.

1) genuine           2) perfect             3) dubious            4) false             5) fake

Ans: dubious

9. I. It appears that Britain has made a sweeping ————  to China in order to reach a settlement.

   II. The government has granted ———— to three private telephone companies.

1) concession      2) redemption     3) stake                 4) more            5) result

Ans: concession

10. I. There will be no ———— they promise.

     II. Voters are disillusioned with ———— campaigns run by many candidates in recent years.

1) excuse       2) mud-slinging     3) effect               4) harm            5) musing

Ans: mud-slinging     

11. I. ———— does not lead to proper understanding.

      II. It would take two or three months of ———— to prepare for the Bar exam.

1) Waiting      2) Watching      3) Reading       4) Studying     5) Cramming

Ans: Cramming

8-11: Meanings

          genuine = real

          dubious = doubtful, uncertain, wavering

          fake = false

          concession=grant, allowance

redemption = salvation, free

          stake = risk, venture

          mud-slinging = mud-throwing

          musing = thinking, preoccupied

          cramming = crowding, filling, packing, stuffing.

 Directions (Q. 12-15): In the following questions, a sentence has been given with some of its part in bold. To make the sentence correct, you have to replace the bold part with the correct alternative given below. If the sentence is correct as it is, give (5) as your answer (i.e. no correction required).

12. Touching the foot of elders, standing up while the national anthem plays, is still appreciated as mark of respect.

1) foot of elders standing up when     2) feet of elders standing up when      3) feet of elders standing up while     4) feet of older standing up while     5) No correction required

Ans: feet of elders standing up while

13. All the poetry are written in traditional meters and rhyme schemes.

1) All of the poetry is     2) All of the poems are        3) All of the poem is     4) All of poetries is     5) No correction required

Ans: All of the poems are

14. The pit is being shut down because it no longer coal has enough that can be mined economically.

1) no longer coal has enough that           2) no longer has enough coal with

3) no longer has enough coal that           4) has no coal longer enough that

5) No correction required

Ans: no longer has enough coal that

15. The bank made it clear that it is no use to try to get a fresh loan without repaying the previous one.

1) it is no use trying to      2) it is no useful try to      3) it is use in trying to    4) it is no use try in   5) No correction required

Ans: it is no use trying to

Directions (Q. 16-20): Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A) Placement agencies provide a nation-wide service in matching personnel's demand and supply.

(B) In technical and professional areas, private agencies and professional bodies appear to be doing substantive work.

(C) Such agencies charge fee for recommending suitable names.

(D) These professional recruiters can entice the top executives from other companies by making the right offers.

(E) These agencies compile bio-data of a large number of candidates and recommend suitable names to their clients.

(F) They are useful where extensive screening is required.

16. Which of the following sentences will come SECOND after rearrangement?

1) A                 2) E                  3) B                  4) D                  5) C

Ans: A

17. Which of the following sentences will come THIRD after rearrangement?

1) F                  2) E                  3) A                 4) B                  5) C

Ans: E

18.  Which of the following sentences will come LAST after rearrangement?

1) A                  2) C                  3) D                  4) B                  5) F

Ans: D

19.  Which of the following sentences will come FIRST after rearrangement?

1) C                  2) B                  3) E                  4) F                  5) D

Ans: B

20.  Which of the following sentences will come FIFTH after rearrangement?

1) D                  2) B                  3) C                  4) E                  5) F

Ans: F

Key:  16 - 20: B A E C F D

16-20: Meanings

             Substantive work = Real/ continuing work

             entice =  attractive

             extensive = thorough

 Directions: (21-30): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the uitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph eaningful. 

            There are a number of substances (toxic as well as non-toxic) which are being (21) to the environment by (22), events and human (23). These are, in fact, the (24) consequences of (25) civilisation, increased use of natural (26), increasing population, advancement in industries, increase in the number of vehicles, etc. These substances, which are continuously going into air, water, and soil, bring (27) undesirable (28) in physical, chemical and biological (29) of our environment and adversely (30) the life processes of animals and plants.

21. 1) held               2) added                3) needed                4) absorbed               5) removed

Ans: added

22. 1) natural          2) man-made       3) organised            4) artificial                 5) unwanted

Ans: natural

23. 1) actions          2) behaviour         3) activities             4) thinking                 5) movements

Ans: activities     

24. 1) natural          2) required           3) requisite             4) sought                    5) undesirable

Ans: undesirable

25. 1) ancient          2) present             3) medieval             4) modern                 5) old

Ans: modern                 

26. 1) means           2) resources          3) matters               4) substances           5) things

Ans: resources         

27. 1) up                  2) into                     3) in                         4) about                     5) out

Ans: about                    

28. 1) changes        2) metamorphosis    3) transformations   4) alterations      5) mutations

Ans: changes

29. 1) traits             2) marks                3) characteristics    4) features                5) distinctions

Ans: characteristics

30. 1) effect             2) change              3) cause                    4) harm                     5) affect

Ans: affect

21-30: Meanings

                                                     toxic = harmful

                                                    adversely = badly

                                                    requisite = required thing

                                                    sought = asked, searched

                                                   undesirable = unwanted

                                                   medieval = connected with middle age (AD 1100-1500)

                                                  metamorphosis = change

                                                  transformation = change

                                                  mutation = alteration, change

                                                  trait = characteristic, feature

                                                 distinction = credit, difference, fame

                                                affect = (V) to do something that produces an effect/ change

                                                effect =  (N) change

Posted Date : 28-03-2023

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.



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