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Directions (Qs. 1 - 8): Identify the words that are similar in meaning to the phrase in bold. Ifnone of option conveys the correct meaning,mark (E) as your answer. The options do notnecessarily need to be grammatically correct.

1. After breaking his hand, Gordon's dream to play professional basketball went up in smoke.
A) to accomplish      B) destroyed     C) hopeful    D) continue     E) None of the above

Explanation:  Go up in smoke: be destroyed or ruined

Example: Without a scholarship, her dreams of college are likely to go up in smoke.

Ans: B

2. She cooks and bakes when she needs to let
off some steam.

A) get rid of strong emotion    B) to enjoy     C) to be alone    D) to play sport    E) None of the above

Explanation: Let off steam: Get rid of pent-up energy or strong emotion.

E.g.: The kids can let off steam in the gardens while mum and dad relax for a while. As per the meaning above, only option B is incorrect. The others do not make sense.

Ans: A

3. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu asked US President Donald Trump not to withdraw from Syria and to work to remove Iran from the Syrian arena, but Trump gave him the cold shoulder.

A) to hurry    B) to take something lightly   C) to ignore someone  D) to disapprove of something    E) None of the above

Explanation: Give someone the cold shoulder: Ignore someone

E.g.: Ravi wanted to join hands with Dev but it is likely the latter gave him the cold shoulder. As per the meaning above, Option C is the most suitable answer. 

Ans: C

4. In the Economic Survey 2017-18, it was said that the government's priority should be to flush farmers out of agriculture and adding insult to the injury, the Survey also quoted Dr. Ambedkar warning about the dangers of romanticising rural India. 

A) to avenge something   B) to make a bad situation worse.    C) to divorce   D) willing to deceive    E) None of the above

Explanation: To add insult to injury: act in a way that makes a bad situation worse.

E.g.: Employees were forced to work longer hours, and to add insult to injury, the company decided not to give pay raises. As per the meaning above, only option B, to make a bad situation worse, fits in.

Ans: B

5. Creativity is something that anybody who is remotely original has to guard very fiercely and passionately because people just want you to be run-of-the-mill.

A) remarkable    B) expensive    C) unlicensed    D) ordinary    E) None of the above

Explanation: Run-of-the-mill: lacking unusual or special aspects; ordinary.

Example: I was just a very average run-ofthe-mill kind of student.

Ans: D

6. The picture he painted of the business is a far cry from the perception the shareholders  had before the meeting.

A) dedicated yet a failure    B) very different    C) astounding success     D) caring and sincere     E) None of these

Explanation: A far cry: It is very different from what is being perceived. 'Astounding success' refers to very commendable action by someone. The other options are completely out of context.

Ans: B

7. Opposition leaders have criticized the government for failing to rein in rising fuel prices which have now turned into a political hot potato.

A) interesting issue     B) justified matter     C) court case     D) burning topic    E) None of these.

Explanation: A hot potato refers to any burning topic regarding which people are talking about and which is usually disputed. 'Burning topic' refers to something that is very much talked about in the present context. Other options are completely out of context in the given question.

Ans: D

8. Housing in the city these days costs an arm and a leg.

A) very expensive     B) uphill task     C) tiresome job    D) fatal    E) None of these

Explanation: If something costs an arm and a leg that means that it is very expensive. 'Uphill task' means something very difficult to be completed.  'Tiresome job' refers to something which istiring to do.  'Fatal' means very dangerous.

Ans: A

Directions (Qs. 9 - 16): You are required to identify the words that are contextually similar to the phrase given in bold and mark that as your answer. If none of the option expresses the correct meaning, mark (E) as your answer. The options do not need to be correct grammatically.

9. The investors began to smell a rat when the company ceased paying dividends and delayed the mandatory audit.

A) Suspicion     B) Deceive     C) Incorrect     D) Wonder     E) None of the above

Explanation: Smell a rat: Suspect that something is not right.

Eg: When he made that offer, I smelt a rat. It sounded too good to be true. From the meaning above, options B and C are incorrect. Out of A and D, A is a better choice as wonder means the desire to know something; feel curious. 

Ans: A

10. India still attracts investors from a long-term perspective as this is still a country with a very good entrepreneurial talent and is a low hanging fruit for smart people to grab and make money.

A) Not worthy   B) Very Lucrative     C) Easily achieved

D) Simple but time consuming     E) None of the above

Explanation: Low hanging fruit: a goal that can be easily reached/ something that is easy to take advantage of.

E.g.: what the present government has done on the economic front is the plucking of low hanging fruits by and large.  As per the meaning, the only option that fitsn in is option C.

 Ans: C

11. The Competition Commission's inquiry into the government's land-based transport market comes not a moment too soon, as a succession of petitions describe the sad state of the country's public transport system.

A) Before needed    B) Just in time   C) Too late     D) Hesitating   E) None of the above

Explanation: Not a moment too soon: in the nick of time, only just in time.

E.g.: The rescue arrived not a moment too soon. As per the meaning above, the correct option is B. The inquiry has come just at the right time. The other options are incorrect.

Ans: B

12. The National Human Rights Commission is

all bark and no bite as it lacks the authority to penalize those guilty of human rights
A) Impressive action     B) Intimidating action     C) Low on action

D) Threatening action   E) None of the above

Explanation: All bark and no bite: Full of talk that is more threatening or impressive than that which one can or will actually do.

E.g.: He always threatens to call the police if I don't stay off his lawn, but he's all bark andno bite. The most suitable option thus is C. The rest do not convey the correct meaning.

Ans: C

13. Being a student with a technological background, the concepts of balance of payments, macro economics, statement of loss and profit, liability and assets are all Greek to me.
A) Complex     B) Alienated     C) Different       D) Extreme     E) None of the above

Explanation: All Greek To Me: When something is extremely difficult to understand due to being new and complex. From the meaning given above, option A is the best fit here.

E.g.: Students of economics are often faced with a plethora of Greek symbols leading many to despair "it's all Greek to me". Alienated means separated and is incorrect. 

Ans: A

14. Compliance is a necessary evil especially in a workplace where there is no prevailing culture of integrity.

A) Essential and pleasant    B) Pleasant but not urgent     C) Unpleasant but essential

D) Evil and despicable      E) None of the above

Explanation: Necessary evil: something unpleasant that must be done in order to achieve a goal or objective.

E.g.: Getting a good education is a necessary evil to get a chance at a better life.

As per the meaning above, option C is the suitable answer here. The others are incorrect.

Ans: C

15. Shatrughan Sinha has cautioned actors Rajinikanth and Kamal Haasan - who recently joined politics - saying politics is not a bed of roses.

A) Enjoyable     B) Easy      C) Tough

D) Complex    E) None of the above

Explanation: Bed of roses: used in reference to a situation or activity that is comfortable or easy.

E.g.: Life is definitely not a bed of roses- we are all fighting battles, which nobody else really knows of. As per the meaning stated above, only option B fits in. 

Ans: B

16. The actor admitted in many interviews about how he burnt his bridges in the film world, becoming a nightmare to work with and constantly flying off the handle.

A) To handover        B) To cross the bridge

C) To eliminate the possibility of conflict

D) To eliminate the possibility of return

E) None of the above

Explanation: Burn one's bridges means to eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.  

Example: burn one's bridges: If you get mad
and quit your job, you'll be burning your bridges behind you.mAs per the meaning above, only option D- to eliminate the possibility of return- matches the context. 

Ans: D

Posted Date : 20-05-2023

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.



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