Directions (Qs.1 - 17): In each of the questions given below, a word is given in bold letters and five options were given. Choose the appropriate synonym from those options that suits the word given in bold letters.
A) Complex B) Irritation C) Active D) Transitory E) Submission
Explanation: Active refers to being engaged in physical activity or exercise, while sedentary refers to a lifestyle characterised by little or no physical activity, often spent sitting or lying down.
E.g.: He was an active child and never sat still, unlike his sedentary older brother.
A) Agreement B) Upgrade C) Unemotional D) Praise E) Decide
Explanation: Opprobrium refers to severe criticism or disapproval, often in the form of condemnation or scorn. Praise, on the other hand, refers to expressions of admiration, approval, or admiration.
E.g.: The politician's opprobrium for the opposing party made him look bad in the eyes of the voters.
A) Frustration B) Fleeting C) Disperse D) Lavishness E) foolishness
Explanation: Sagacity refers to the quality of being wise or having good judgement. It is often used to describe someone who is able to make good decisions or see things clearly. Foolishness refers to the state or quality of being foolish or unwise.
E.g.: Her sagacity helped her navigate the difficult business landscape.
A) Elegance B) Wastefulness C) Betraying D) Unrehearsed E) Faithless
Explanation: Tawdriness refers to the state or quality of being cheap, shoddy, or in poor taste. It is often used to describe something that isgaudy or showy, but lacks genuine value or sophistication. Elegance, on the other hand, refers to the quality of being graceful, refined, and tasteful. It is often used to describe something that is pleasing to the eye or ear, and has a timeless quality.
E.g.: The tawdriness of the carnival’s attractions was in stark contrast to the elegance of the nearby amusement park.
A) Unyielding B) Repulsive C) Discernment D) Calmness E) Sparkle
Explanation: Beguiling refers to the quality of being charming, captivating, or alluring. It is often used to describe something that is pleasing or attractive, and can be difficult to resist. Repulsive refers to the quality of being disgusting, revolting or repellent, it is often used to describe something that is unappealing or offensive to the senses.
E.g.: The child's beguiling smile won over the hearts of all who met her.
A) Livelihood B) Surprise C) Disdain D) Serenity E) Spread
Explanation: Adulation refers to excessive admiration or praise, often in the form of flattery or idolization. Disdain refers to a feeling of contempt or scorn for someone or something considered to be inferior or unworthy.
E.g.: The pop star received adulation from her fans, who lined up for hours to get her autograph.
A) Disintegrate B) Abstinence C) Adulation D) Ethereal E) Embellish
Explanation: Agglutinate is a verb that refers to the process of joining together or sticking different parts together to form a whole. The antonym of ‘agglutinate’ is "disintegrate" which means to separate or divide something that was previously joined or stuck together.
E.g.: The glue will agglutinate the pieces together, while heat will cause them to disintegrate.
A) Embark B) Petty C) Elusive D) Abacus E) Fervent
Explanation: The word ‘Magnanimous’ is used to describe someone who is generous and kind. The word ‘Petty’ is an adjective that refers to small, unimportant, or insignificant things or actions. It can also refer to someone who is overly concerned with minor details or minor disputes.
E.g.: Despite his success, he remained magnanimous and helped those in need.
A) Enigma B) Emulate C) Candor D) Foresight E) Frustration
Explanation: Furtiveness is the state of being secret or hidden. Candor is a noun that refers to the quality of being honest, open, and straightforward in speech or behaviour.
E.g.: The furtiveness of his actions made me suspicious that he was hiding something.
A) Ardent B) Bifurcate C) Belligerent D) Concoct E) Credulous
Explanation: Nonchalant refers to an attitude or manner that is calm, relaxed, and free from agitation or enthusiasm. Ardent refers to having or showing strong feelings or enthusiasm about something.
E.g.: Despite the urgency of the situation, he remained nonchalant, whereas his colleague was ardent in her efforts to resolve the issue.
A) Adage B) Obviate C) Misinterpret D) Abhor E) Misaligned
Explanation: Necessitate means to make something essential or required, to make it indispensable or unavoidable. Obviate means to remove the need for something or to prevent something from happening. It can also refer to making something unnecessary or irrelevant by providing.
E.g.: The new technology will obviate the need to manually input data, which was previously necessitated.
A) Diverse B) Different C) Ignorance D) Healthful E) Analyse
Explanation: Omniscience refers to the state of having complete and infinite knowledge of all things, including past, present, and future. Ignorance refers to a lack of knowledge or understanding about a particular subject or situation.
E.g.: The scientists belief in his own omniscience led him to overlook important data that ultimately disproved his theory.
A) Deception B) Junior C) Salubrious D) Forgery E) Trickery
Explanation: Provenance is used to describe the origin or history of something. Forgery is the act of creating, altering or using a false or counterfeit document, signature, or object with the intent to deceive or defraud.
E.g.: The painting's provenance was questionable, leading experts to believe it was a forgery.
A) Discriminating B) Meticulous C) Perceptive D) Absorbent E) Philistine
Explanation: Perfunctory is used to describe something done without much care or attention. Meticulous means very careful and attentive to detail.
E.g.: His perfunctory attitude towards his work resulted to a poor-quality project.
A) Indulgence B) Magnificent C) Picaresque D) Philistine E) Splendid
Explanation: Abstinence refers to refraining from certain activities or substances, particularly those that are seen as harmful or excessive. Indulgence, on the other hand, refers to the act of giving in to one's desires or allowing oneself to enjoy something, particularly something that is seen as pleasurable or enjoyable.
E.g.: Abstinence from alcohol is a requirement for those in recovery, while indulgence in alcohol can lead to addiction.
A) Pacifist B) Adventuresome C) Devout D) Impressive E) Inferno
Explanation: Belligerent is someone who is inclined to or actively engaged in warfare or conflict, while Pacifist is someone who opposes the use of violence and war as a means of resolving conflicts and advocate for peaceful resolution of disputes.
E.g.: The belligerent country declared war on its neighbour, while the pacifist country advocated for peaceful resolution.
A) Benign B) Bequeath C) Equality D) Conglomerate E) Conundrum
Explanation: Disparity refers to a state of inequality or difference, typically a significant one. Equality is its opposite word.
E.g.: The disparity in pay between men and women in the company was causing resentment.
Some Useful Tips
* Understand the meaning of the word by forming some sentences with that, instead of mugging them up is important.
* Candidates should read English newspapers, novels and magazines regularly to increase their vocabulary knowledge.
* Listening to the English commentary of television shows, sports, cooking shows etc. can be helpful in improving the vocabulary skills of the candidates.
* Solving previous year question papers is also very important because there are chances of asking them once in a while.