Rearrangement of sentences is a great way to check how good one’s English is. It tests the knowledge of dealing with the linkers towards paragraph construction in English. The process of rearrangement of jumbled sentences should result in a meaningful paragraph, in which coherence between one sentence and the following sentence is found. In this type of questions, we are provided with a list of sentences in a jumbled order. We have to restructure them in an order of coherence so as to form a complete and meaningful paragraph.
A meaningful order of sentences in a paragraph may contain many different kinds of information. A systematic arrangement of sentences in a paragraph could contain a series of brief examples or a single long illustration of a general point. It might describe a place, character, or process; narrate a series of events; compare or contrast two or more things; classify items into categories; or describe causes and effects.
Coherence is the main things to be looked into while rearranging the jumbled sentences in order we think it to be logical. Coherence refers to a certain characteristic or aspect of unscrambling the jumbled sentences. Literally, the word means "to stick together."
Coherence in writing means that all the ideas in a paragraph flow smoothly from one sentence to the next sentence. With coherence, the reader has an easy time understanding the ideas that you wish to express.
In a coherent arrangement of sentences, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea, but there is more to coherence than this. If the order of the jumbled sentences is coherent, each sentence flows smoothly into the next without obvious shifts or jumps. A coherent order of sentences also highlights the ties between old information and new information to make the structure of ideas or arguments clear to the reader.
As such, while rearranging the jumbled sentences in an order of logical sequence, we have to look into two parameters of great importance – unity and coherence. A pronoun in a sentence, or a linker found in a sentence may be great help for us to restructure the order of the jumbled sentences. Enough practice in this regard is mandatory on our part to face this section of questions in the competitive examination.
FORMATS OF THE QUESTION:
* FORMAT 1
Qn. Rearrange the following sentences (A), ( B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) into a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below it.
(A) But all three have one focus – individual performance improvement.
(B) The importance of each component will vary from organization to organization according to the complexity of the operations.
(C) They are individual developments, career development and organizational development.
(D) Since individual performance improvement is at the heart of the HRD programme, HRD can be described as the area of congruence among the three components.
(E) There are three fundamental component areas of human resource development.
(F) It will also vary, according to the criticality of human resources to organizational efficiency and organization’s commitment to improve human resources.
Now answer the following questions:
1. Which of the following will be the SIXTH sentence?
(1) C (2) F (3) B (4) D (5) A
2. Which of the following will be the FOURTH sentence?
(1) F (2) C (3) D (4) B (5) A
3. Which of the following will be the SECOND sentence?
(1) D (2) E (3) B (4) F (5) C
4. Which of the following will be the FIRST sentence?
(1) D (2) E (3) F (4) B (5) C
* Answers: 1. (2) 2. (3) 3. (5) 4. (2)
* FORMAT 2
Qn. The sentences in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph.
Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
(A) But this does not mean that death was the Egyptians’ only preoccupation.
(B) Even the papyri come mainly from pyramid temples.
(C) Most of our traditional sources of information about the Old Kingdom are monuments of
the rich like pyramids and tombs.
(D) Houses in which ordinary Egyptians lived have not been preserved, and when most people died they were hurried in simple graves.
(E) We know infinitely more about the wealthy people of Egypt than we do about the ordinary people, as most monuments were made for the rich.
(1) CDBEA (2) ECDAB (3) EDCBA (4) DECAB
* Answer: (3) EDCBA
* FORMAT 3
Qn. In the following question, the first and the last sentences of the passage are in order and numbered S1 and S6. The rest of the passage is split into four parts and named P, Q, R and S. These four parts are not given in their proper order, as they should appear in the paragraph. Read the passage and find out which of the four combinations (marked a-d) correctly forms the sequence of sentences in the passage.
S1. His son fell into the bad company of village boys.
P. The father wanted to wean his son from the bad company.
Q. A few days later all the bananas got spoiled.
R. His father was much worried about his son’s bad company.
S. To give a lesson to the son, his father gave him a few good bananas along with a rotten one.
S6. The boy understood the lesson his father wanted to teach him.
(a) PSRQ (b) SQPR (c) RPQS (d) RPSQ
* Answer: (d) RPSQ