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Vocabulary: Meanings (synonyms)

1. Mrs Bates tried to domesticate Anna.

    Domesticate → to make (an animal) able to live with man and serve him → tam → bring under control → train
2. What God decrees we have to accept.
     Decree → command → decide → order → judgement
3. We were nonplussed that the mistress of the house had heard of the tragedy.
     Nonplussed → confused → surprised → puzzled → bewildered → dazed
4. They endeavoured to explain it as an act of charity.
    Endeavour → strive → try hard → make an effort → attempt → struggle
5. All this played real havoc on our imagination.
    Havoc → destruction → disturbance → disorder → disaster → devastation → chaos
6. I found that I could scarcely breathe.
    Scarcely → barely → almost not → hardly → (only) just
7. It was an eternal mystery to us.
    Eternal → forever → always → never ending → endless → everlasting → incessant → continual
8. God had taken the baby at such a tender age.
     Tender → delicate → young → child-like → gentle
9. We shuddered as we gnawed at the hunk of meat.
     Shudder → tremble → quiver → shake → shiver → tremor
10. The dog snarled at the intruder.
      Snarl → scowl → growl → threaten → intimidate → scare

Choose the alternative that best fits the blank:

1. The dancers were in Japanese __________. (outfit, dress, costume)
2. He is a wolf in the ___________ of a sheep. (attire, costume, garb)
3. She came to the party ________ her new diamond necklace. (showing, sporting, having)
4. We recognised him to be a policeman by his_________. (attire, uniform, garment)
5. The beggar's _________ were in tatters. (clothes, dress, costume)

Conditional clause ('If ' clause):

Conditional clauses are classified into three types based on the tenses.
They are:   1. Probable (possible) condition
                    2. Improbable condition
                    3. Unfulfilled condition

                                            Type - I
Probable / possible condition
Usage: We use this type to talk about the future activities that are quite possible.
Structure: If (Subject + V1  →   Subject + can / will / may + V1)
e.g: If you work hard,                     you can get the first rank.
Simple present tense               Simple future tense
1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
→ If you walk fast,                    you will not miss the bus.
  sub + V1                                    sub + will + V1
→ Unless you walk fast, you will miss the bus.
                                   (unless = if not)

2. Take the medicine regularly or you may fall ill again.
         → If you take the medicine regularly you may not fall ill again.
         → Unless you take the medicine regularly, you may fall ill again.

                                           Type - II
 Improbable / Imaginary condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about the actions that we think are possible but not very
             probable. It indicates that we do not expect the action in the If-clause to take place.
Structure: If (Subject + V2 → Subject + could / would / might + V1)
 e.g: If I were a doctor,    I could give you treatment.
                V2                            V1
Note:     [  V1         V2          V3]
            is         are        been
                are       were
e.g: 1) I am not a bird. So, I can' t fly in the sky.
 → If I were a bird,                    I could fly in the sky.
V- Simple past tense          conditional past

 Note: [ The above sentence is quite imaginary. It is not possible, i.e., unreal]
 2) I don't have money. So I can't give you any.                                          (March 2003)
→ If I had money,                    I could give you some / any.
     V2                                       conditional past
Note:       [  V1         V2         V3]
              have   had     had
[The above sentence is not possible for that situation, but quite imaginary]
3) I don't have time. So, I can't accept the job.
     → If I had time,     I could accept the job.

                                         Type - III
 Unfulfilled condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about past actions that didn't happen. It expresses a condition in the past that hasn't been fulfiled (Unfulfilled).
Structure: If [ subject + had + V3 → subject would have / could have / might have + V3]

e.g: If you had asked me,               I would have helped you.
Past perfect tense                     Perfect conditional tense
1. He didn't study well. So, he failed.                                                                  
    → If he had studied well, he would not have failed.
2. She didn't carry her driving license. So, she had to pay a fine.
     → If she had carried her driving license, she would not have had to pay a fine.
3. You didn't take the medicines regularly. So, you fell ill again.
    → If you had taken the medicines regularly, you would not have fallen ill again.
4. I was held up in a traffic jam. So, I missed the train.                                        
    → If I had not been held up in a traffic jam, I would not have missed the train.
5. No precautions were taken. So, many were killed in the cyclone.
    → If precautions had been taken, many would not have been killed in the cyclone.

Notice the following structures:
Type I      →      Sub + V1               → Sub + will
Type II    →      Sub + V2               → Sub + would
Type III  →      Sub + had + V3    → Sub + would have           

If you invite me,   I will attend the party.
 If you invited me,   I would attend the party.
 If you had invited me,   I would have attended the party.
              had + V3

Posted Date : 29-10-2020

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.


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