The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. His/ her role is similar to that of Speakers elsewhere in other countries that use the Westminster system of government. The speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha following general elections. Serving for a term of 5 years, he/ she is chosen from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha, and is by convention a member of the ruling party or alliance.
Powers and Functions of the Speaker:
The Speaker of the Lok Sabha conducts the business in the house. He/ She decides whether a bill is a money bill or not. He/ She maintains discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for their unruly behaviour by suspending them. He/ She permits the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules.
The Speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting. The date of election of speaker is fixed by the President. In the warrant of precedence, the speaker of Lok Sabha comes next only to the Prime Minister.
After a general election and the formation of a new government, a list of senior Lok Sabha members prepared by the Legislative Section is submitted to the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, who selects a Protem Speaker. The appointment has to be approved by the president.
The first meeting after the election when the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are selected by members of the Parliament is held under the Protem Speaker. In absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker acts as Speaker and in the absence of both a committee of six member selected by the Speaker will act as Speaker according to their seniority.
Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha:
The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the vice-presiding officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. He acts as the presiding officer in case of leave or absence caused by death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. It is by convention that position of Dy. Speaker is offered to opposition party in India.
The Deputy Speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. He holds office till either he ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha or he himself resigns from the Lok Sabha. He can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by a majority of its members. He is supposed to resign from his original party because as a Deputy Speaker, he has to remain impartial.
Powers and Functions:
In case of the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker presides over the sessions of the Lok Sabha and conducts the business in the house. He decides whether a bill is a money bill or a non money bill. He maintains discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for his unruly behaviour by suspending him. He permits the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure.