In the field of competitive examinations, learning vocabulary plays a key role in scoring maximum marks in the English section. At least 3-4 questions will be asked from the synonyms and antonyms topic in almost every examination including Banking (SBI, IBPS, RBI etc.) and Staff Selection Commission (SSC) examinations. Studying synonyms and antonyms can improve the vocabulary of the aspirants. Synonyms and antonyms are not only useful in understanding the meanings and opposites of the words but also useful in solving the ‘Reading Comprehension’ topic, which is a very important topic for both Staff Selection Commission and Banking examinations. Synonyms and antonyms are also useful in answering ‘Fill in the blanks’ and ‘Cloze tests’topics. So, in order to score maximum marks in the English section, every aspirant has to concentrate on the Synonyms and antonyms also. Mugging up the words may not be a smart option to remember the subject. Knowing the meanings and opposites of the words and using them for the formation of sentences is very useful in memorizing the synonyms and antonyms.
Directions (Qs.1-28): In each of the questions given below, a word is given in bold letters and five options were given. Choose the appropriate synonym from the options that suits the word given in bold letters.
1. Ludicrous (Adjective)
a) Absurd b) Logical c) Realistic d) Serious e) Rational
Explanation: Ludicrous means so foolish, unreasonable or amusing.
Ex: It’s so ludicrous that I have gone to hit the traffic constable on my scooter.
2. Fishy (Adjective)
a) Truthful b) Suspicious c) Aboveboard d) Honest e) Correct
Explanation: Fishy is a phrase used to express a doubt or suspicion about something.
Ex: There's something fishy going on here.
3. Knave (Noun)
a) Innocent b) Saint c) Rogue d) Angel e) Hero
Explanation: Knave means a dishonest or a good-for-nothing person.
Ex: A crafty knave needs no broker.
4. Covert (Adjective)
a) Obvious b) Visible c) Exposed d) Secret e) Known
Explanation: Covert means concealed or not openly acknowledged regarding something.
Ex: He glanced covertly at his watch.
5. Defile (Verb)
a) Honour b) Praise c) Purge d) Clear e) Corrupt
Explanation: Defile means to make something dirty or no longer pure.
Ex: The homes of the victims of the earth quake have been defiled completely.
6. Pragmatic (Adjective)
a) Realistic b) impractical c) Fanciful d) Irrational e) theoretical
Explanation: Pragmatic means solving problems in a practical and sensible way rather than by having fixed ideas.
Ex: They are pragmatic about the spending cuts to save money.
7. Adversary (Noun)
a) Hospitable b) Opposition c) Sympathetic d) Friendly e) Empathetic
Explanation: Adversary means one's opponent in a contest, conflict or dispute.
Ex: The British considered Bhagat Singh as a worthy adversary and killed him.
8. Afflict (Verb)
a) Comfort b) Reprieve c) Agonize d) Assist e) Soothe
Explanation: Afflict means to affect somebody/ something in an unpleasant or harmful way.
Ex: She is badly afflicted with a heart problem.
9. Cynicism (Noun)
a) Optimism b) Ecstasy c) Hopefulness d) Despair e) Bliss
Explanation: Cynicism refers to a belief that something good will not happen or that something is not important.
Ex: The response from the minister regarding jobs was a weary cynicism.
10. Hefty (Adjective)
a) Puny b) Fragile c) Petite d) Slight e) Massive
Explanation: Hefty means big, heavy or large.
Ex: He sold his shares and made a hefty profit.
11. Righteous (Adjective)
a) Virtuous b) Corrupt c) Atrocious d) Vicious e) Nefarious
Explanation: Righteous means morally right or good.
Ex: He considered himself as holy and righteous person.
12. Expedient (Adjective)
a) Inadvisable b) Convenient c) Imprudent d) Tactless e) Brash
Explanation: Expedient is an adjective refersto an action that has done for a particular purpose, but it may not always fair.
Ex: The government has decided that a cut in interest rates would be politically expedient.
13. Disparate (Adjective)
a) Analogous b) Akin c) Distinct d) Identical e) Homogeneous
Explanation: Disparate refers to people or things that are very different from each other.
Ex: All my room-mates are a disparate group of individuals.
14. Moratorium (Noun)
a) Renewal b) Resuscitation c) Resumption d) Suspension e) Continuation
Explanation: Moratorium a temporary stoppage of an activity, especially by official agreement.
Ex: The government has called for a moratorium on bank loans due to Covid-19 pandemic.
15. Thrive (Verb)
a) Fail b) Collapse c) Struggle d) Flounder e) Flourish
Explanation: Thrive means to become and continue to be successful at anything.
Ex: New businesses thrive in Ameerpet area.
16. Subversive (Noun)
a) Provocative b) Conservative c) Moderate d) Conventional e) Orthodox
Explanation: Subversive is a trying to destroy or damage a government or political system by attacking it secretly or indirectly.
Ex: He was a very well-known political subversive in my hometown.
17. Captivate (Verb)
a) Disgust b) Allure c) Offend d) Annoy e) Repel
Explanation: Captivate means to keep somebody’s attention by being interesting or attractive.
Ex: The children were captivated by the ghost stories.
18. Buttress (Verb)
a) Weaken b) Prostrate c) Support d) devitalize e) Cripple
Explanation: Buttress is a structure made of stone or brick that supports a wall.
Ex: It was necessary to strengthen the building with large external buttresses.
19. Detention (Noun)
a) Relinquishment b) Discharge c) Freedom d) Custody e) Liberation
Explanation: Detention is the state of being kept in a place, especially a prison, and prevented from leaving.
Ex: They were sentenced to one year detention in a bank robbery case.
20. Pertinent (Adjective)
a) Frivolous b) Negligible c) Inappropriate d) Inapt e) Relevant
Explanation: Pertinent refers appropriate to a particular situation.
Ex: "Please keep your comments pertinent to the topic under discussion", Ronaldo said.
21. Defiance (Noun)
a) Disobedience b) Submission c) Compliance d) Acceptance e) Approval
Explanation: Defiance is the act of openly refusing to obey somebody or something.
Ex: North Korea resumed nuclear testing in defiance of an international ban.
22. Dissemination (Noun)
a) Suppression b) Propagation c) constraint d) Inhibition e) Refrainment
Explanation: Dissemination is the act of spreading information or knowledge so that it reaches many people.
Ex: The internet's role in the dissemination of knowledge is very huge.
23. Jeopardize (Verb)
a) Safeguard b) Protect c) Threaten d) Preserve e) Shield
Explanation: Jeopardize means to threaten something or somebody to harm or destroy.
Ex: This scandal could seriously jeopardize his chances of being re-elected as prime minister.
24. Lucrative (Adjective)
a) Abortive b) Bootless c) Futile d) Profitable e) Barren
Explanation: Lucrative means making huge profits.
Ex: If my plan was worked out, I would have made my company lucrative.
25. Tranquillity (Noun)
a) Turmoil b) Pandemonium c) Bustle d) Commotion e) Peace
Explanation: Tranquillity is the state of being quiet or peaceful.
Ex: I found tranquillity in the Birla temple.
26. Inevitable (Adjective)
a) Unavoidable b) Dubious c) Shaky d) Uncertain e) Improbable
Explanation: Inevitable is an adjective to express something that you cannot avoid or prevent.
Ex: It was inevitable that there would be job losses due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
27. Abrogate (Verb)
a) Institute b) Abolish c) Enact d) Validate e) Endorse
Explanation: Abrogate something means to officially end a law or an agreement.
Ex: The law has been abrogated because of the agitations.
28. Insular (Adjective)
a) Tolerant b) Receptive c) Narrow-minded d) Liberal e) Catholic
Explanation: Insular is an adjective used to express narrow-minded ideology of people, government etc.
Ex: The government often accused of being insular.