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Reading Comprehension

Directions (Qs. 1 - 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given after reading it. Certain words/ phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

India's journey towards industrialization and the Green Revolution has been a transformative odyssey that has left an indelible mark on the nation's socioeconomic landscape.This dual process has been driven by the need to address the burgeoning population's demands, improve agricultural productivity, and propel economic growth. The symbiotic relationship between industrialization and the Green Revolution has had far-reaching implications, both positive and negative, shaping the nation's destiny. The need for industrialization in India was born out of the imperative to break free from the shackles of a predominantly agrarian economy, marked by subsistence farming and cyclical poverty. The influx of industries was seen as a catalyst for economic diversification, employment generation, and the creation of a robust manufacturing sector.The establishment of factories, infrastructure development, and technological advancements became instrumental in propelling India towards becoming a self-sufficient and globally competitive nation.

Simultaneously, the Green Revolution ........ as a response to the pressing need to augment food production to feed the burgeoning population. Introducing highyield crop varieties, modern agricultural techniques, and irrigation practices, the Green Revolution aimed to transform traditional farming methods. This agricultural revolution significantly increased food production,making India self-reliant in terms of food security and reducing dependency on imports. The importance of industrialization and the Green Revolution cannot be overstated in the context of India's development. Industrialization has played a pivotal role in fostering economic growth, creating job opportunities, and narrowing the ruralurban divide. It has led to the emergence of vibrant urban centres, technological innovation, and increased per capita income.The Green Revolution, on the other hand, has not only ensured food security but has also elevated the socio-economic status of farmers, transforming agriculture into a more profitable and sustainable enterprise.

However, with progress comes a set of challenges and consequences. The positive impacts of industrialization and the Green Revolution are counterbalanced by environmental degradation, resource depletion, and social inequalities. Industrialization has led to rapid urbanization, resulting in unplanned growth, pollution, and strain on resources. The Green Revolution, while boosting agricultural productivity, has been criticized for its excessive reliance on chemical inputs, leading to soil degradation, water pollution, and health hazards. The environmental toll of these transformations necessitates a holistic approach to mitigate negative impacts. Embracing sustainable practices in both industry and agriculture is imperative. Green technologies, renewable energy sources, and eco-friendly industrial processes can pave the way for a harmonious coexistence between industrialization and environmental conservation. Precision farming, organic agriculture, and water conservation measures can be integrated to make the Green Revolution more sustainable and environmentally friendly. To make India a better place to live, there is an urgent need for a balanced and inclusive approach. Strengthening regulatory frameworks to ensure responsible industrial practices, promoting sustainable agriculture, and investing in green infrastructure are crucial steps. Additionally, empowering communities, especially those adversely affected by industrialization, through skill development and social initiatives can address the social disparities arising from rapid economic changes.


1. What could be a suitable title for the passage?

A) Prosperity and Pitfalls: A Deep Dive into India's Industrialization and Green Revolution Story

B) The Green Revolution: ASuccess Story

C) The Joyful Journey: Celebrating India's Industrialization and Green Revolution

D) Uprising of Progress: AWholly Positive Chronicle of India's Growth Story

E) Economic Boom in India


2. According to the passage, what was seen as a catalyst for economic diversification, employment generation, and the creation of a robust manufacturing sector?

I. The surge of industrial establishments in India.

II. The wealth of India.

III. The unemployed youth of India.

A) I and III only    B) I only

C) II and III only    D) All of the above

E) None of the above

3. Choose the word that best matches the meaning of "propel" in the passage.

A) Obstruct   B) Halt   C) Drive

D) Decorate   E) Hinder


4. What word represents the opposite of "indelible" as used in the passage?

A) Fixed    B) Lasting   C) Unfading  

D) Temporary    E) Inextinguishable

5. Select the word that appropriately fills the blank in the sentence: Simultaneously, the Green Revolution ........ as a response to the pressing need to augment food production to feed the burgeoning population.

A) reflected   B) diluted   C) exhausted   D) stopped   E) emerged

6. What are the challenges that arise due to rapid industrialization and the Green Revolution, as mentioned in the passage?

I. Environmental degradation.

II. Resource depletion

III. Pollution, and social inequalities

A) I, II and III    B) II and III only   C) I only   

D) I and III only   E) None of the above


7. Which conservation measures are NOT mentioned in the passage that can be integrated to make the Green Revolution more sustainable and environmentally friendly?

I. Organic agriculture.

II. Using fertilizers.

III. Water conservation.

A) I only    B) II only   C) III only

D) All of these    E) None of these


8. Choose the word most synonymous with "fostering" as used in the passage.

A) Inhibiting   B) Suppressing

C) Promoting   D) Discouraging

E) Hampering


9. What word represents the opposite meaning of "imperative" as used in the passage?

A) Essential    B) Mandatory   C) Crucial    

D) Unnecessary   E) Vital


10. What is the real meaning of "development", as per the passage?

I. Job creation.

II. Organic farming.

III. Social equality.

A) I only    B) II and III only   C) III only    

D) I and III only    E) All of the above


Key

1-A  ; 2-B  ; 3-C ; 4-D ; 5-E ; 6-A ; 7-B ; 8-C ; 9-D ; 10-E

Posted Date : 11-03-2024

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.