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CLOZE TEST

Indruction:  
English holds some features unique to it besides being the core part of testing, the biggest problem with objective General English part is it doesn't follow a fixed syllabus.It also changes the pattern of questions from time to time. Even if it focuses on a particular area of testing, the level of question varies a lot much, when it is compared to any other part of evaluation. In clearer terms, the basic syllabus can be categorized like Vocabulary, Reading comprehension and Functional Grammar. These areas are very vast and they demand much time to have a
clear understanding. One of such areas and a must-question type is 'cloze test'

 

What is a Cloze Test?
   The word cloze means to complete a pattern. A cloze test consists of a portion of text with certain words removed (cloze text), where the candidate is asked to replace the missing words. It is also called a cloze deletion test. It requires the ability to understand   the context and vocabulary in order to identify the correct words or type of words that belong in the deleted passages of a text. Just like the name suggests, the test taker is provided a passage with blanks which are serially numbered to

be filled in. Below the passage five answer choices are supplied for each numbered blank to be opted out of which only one fits the best.
 

How to crack these questions?
         This question type is common on many competitive examinations. So every aspirant of a job needs to have a good skill to ace this zone of the test. It is recommended that one should learn what to look for in the cloze reading passage and how to supply the missing words. Once you learn what to look for, right answers will just pop into your head. If you ant to learn what to look for, you must understand the expectation of the examiner from the examinee.  
        The cloze test evaluates the candidate's ability to use a variety of items including grammar, vocabulary, word order, collocations, verb forms, connectors etc...
         These items are basically tested in two different ways. The first type aims at the sentence
structure level and the other type covers the discourse level which means organization of the composition.
         In the first level of questions, the expected answer is a word or phrase that suits to the context based on
1) Collocation (word combination)

2) Part of a verb form (tenses)
3) Word form (Parts of speech) etc....

 In the other type of questions, the candidate's over all understanding of the passage is the primary concern. Here, it is very important to note a point which is dissimilar to the first type. One cannot identify the answer to a blank just by considering the immediately after or before support. It should also be more prominent to go through the text entirely for the gist concept of the passage. In other words it tests the ability to use discourse markers such as first, firstly, however, later, etc...
         The answers for these kinds of questions demand the candidate's vocabulary power and ability to use discourse markers and connectors which refer to the sequencing of the idea.

 

 STRATEGY
       There are a few Dos and Don'ts to remember while solving these questions. These will definitely help you build accurate-answer picking strategies.
   Step 1:  Read the text through trying to understand the general meaning. (Skim through the passage)
   Step 2:  Read the second time trying to:      

           a)  Fill the gaps with expected notions
           b)  Choose the right part of speech of the required sense indicating word.
           c)  Focus on even collocation.
           d)  Judge whether it is a sentence level or  discourse level of question.
   Step 3:  Eliminate the answer choices that do not fit to your guessing.
   Step 4:  Read once again to confirmthe expected thought is clearly displayed.
        You should also bear in your mind the following tips, which can comfort you, while applying the strategy.

 

Dos
   * Always think about the overall meaning of the text to make sure that your answer choice fits the context.
   * Try to gauge the thought whether it is positive or negative. (it will help you find answers easily)
   *   Always try to depend upon the helpers (like collocations, fixed expression, sign posts, clues of a sentence etc...)
  
   *   Decide which part of speech (adjective, noun, gerund, etc.) needs to be used to fill each gap.
   *   If you are unsure of any given answer, try  reading the sentence with each of the five possibilities.
   *  Try to eliminate the obvious false answers (usually two/ three relatively false answers are given)
   *  When stuck between two answers, go with the one that sounds better.
   *  Check your watch every now and then to adjust your pace
   *  Trust your intuition. If you feel a word is right instinctively, it probably is correct.
   *  Always keep on open to the under current thought of the passage

 

Don'ts
   *  Don't focus on the meaning of each and every word of the passage
   *  Never get bogged down at a particular blank
   *  Do not try to answer questions on your first reading.
   *  Don't try to translate into/ from your mother tongue
   *  Do not insist on completing each question before going to the next. By insisting on completing each question, you lose time and become nervous

      Although he is no longer alive,____1__ his influence can be felt in the studio ___2___ he created cartoons and feature films which made him known and ___3___ across the word. __4__ many people who work to create humour, he took it very seriously. He would sit sadly ___5__ the funniest cartoon concentrating or some way to improve it. Walt Disney __6__ the opinions of those working with him but the ___7___ judgment was always his own. He demanded a lot ___8___ people but he gave a lot too. When the economy was not doing well he gave everyone a ___9___ and though some__10__ of this, it gave his employees' morale a
1.  1) yet            2) even           3) and           4) till                        5) besides
2. 1) from          2) where         3) which       4) while                   5) that
3. 1) respect      2) seen            3) loved       4) entertained        5) laughed

 

Ans: 
1.1   Here, it is only 'yet' because 'although' agrees with only 'yet' out of the given options. It is a matter of collocation.
2.2   Here, the description continues about 'the studio' and 'studio' is a place. Therefore, 'where' is the befitting word. The required word has to represent the place.

3.3      Here, 'loved' is the suitable expression because the word 'and' indicates the sense required. Since the expression before 'and' is positive the required expression should also be positive. Now let's take up each option and eliminate the ones that do not fit to the blank. Option1 'respect' doesn't fit because it is a noun form but here we need a verb third form (past participle). It is known to you if you observe the verb after 'made' i.e. 'known'. Option 2, though it is in past participle form, it doesn't fit because ...Observe the following expression:
     The given sentence is _________ . His feature films made him known and _________ Here, plug in the remaining answer choices because all the options are in past participle form.
*   known and seen/ known and loved / known and entertained/ known and laughed.
      You can easily eliminate 'laughed' because it gives a negative sense.
     You can also eliminate 'entertained and seen' because feature films do not make their creator seen or entertained but loved by people.
4.   1) for          2) to                 3) without        4)not                 5) like
5.   1) on           2) until            3) front             4) through        5) in
Ans: 4.5    Here, the sentence is a comparison between the spoken of (character) and the other cartoonists. Therefore only 'like' fits but not any other word.

5.1     Here, it is a collocation. 'Sit on something/ a task' is the proper expression. Therefore  'on' is only option suitable.

6.  1) saw          2) concluded         3) discussed       4) discouraged       5) valued
7.  1) final          2) ultimately        3) important      4) hasty                   5) lasting

Ans: 
6.5     Here, you should consider both the two blanks of the sentence. Disney took the others opinion into consideration and always decide on his own. With the meaning  'take into consideration', there is only one option that is 'valued'. Therefore, that is the answer.
7.1     By answering the 6th blank you can easily guess the sense required. You can also eliminate 3rd, 4th, and 5th options as irrelevant. Since you are struck with two options let's see how to break the controversy. The immediate word after the blank is 'judgment' which is a noun. The options- 'final' is an adjective and 'ultimately' is an adverb. Noun takes an adjective but not an adverb. Therefore, the answer is 'final'.

8.     1) by                   2) from                  3) with              4) to                   5) many
9.     1) advance         2) share                 3) fee                4) raise               5) profit
10.   1) credit             2) disapproved     3) criticized      4) offended        5) paid

 

Ans: 8.2     It is a 'suitable preposition' testing question. The sentence is- He demanded something---------people.
    Now, plug in the options, you can find the right answer easily. 'From people' is the only option fitting.
9.4        Here, the sentence is- He gave everyone a----------. If you plug in the options 2nd, 3rd, and 5th are eliminated because a boss doesn't give any of these to his employees. Lets break the controversy -the very before word of the blank is 'a' which takes a consonant  sound but not a vowel sound after  it. Therefore, the answer is 'raise'.
10.2      Here, 'though' functions as a trigger. It always carries two contradictory thoughts. The sense before the word 'though' is positive, so let's take up negative sense. Options 1st and 5th are eliminated. The remaining options are negative words but all of them can't be answers. If youobserve the immediate word after the blank is a 'of'. It collocates with neither 'criticized', nor 'offended' but with 'disapproved'. Therefore, it is the answer.

 

Exercise - 1

Directions - Each passage has ten blanks and ten questions. you have to fill in the blanks with right words choosing from the options given for each question.

Childhood is a time where there are --1-responsibilities to make life difficult. If a child -2-- good parents, he is fed, looked --3-- and loved. Whatever he may do. It is improbable that he will ever again in his life --4-- given so much without having to do anything --5-- return. In addition, life is always --6-- new things to the child. A child finds --7-- in playing in the rain or in the snow. His first visit --8-- the seaside is a marvellous adventure. But a child has pains; he is not so free to do as he wishes; he is continuously being --9-- not to do things or is being --10--. His life is therefore not perfectly happy.

1. 1) few  2) little  3) many  4) lots  5) too many

2. 1) have    2) has    3) had    4) is    5) was

3. 1) about  2) over  3) after   4) around  5) above

4. 1) be  2) was  3) were  4) has    5) had

5. 1) for  2) in  3) over    4) from   5) on

6. 1) doing  2) giving  3) taking 4) making 5) presenting

7. 1) wet  2) dry   3) pleasure  4) pain  5) inviting

8. 1) to  2) from  3) at   4) on   5) over

9. 1) found   2) forbidden  3) asked  4) ordered   5) appealed

10. 1) played  2) gifted  3) punished   4) rewarded   5) remained

Answers: 1-1  2-2  3-3  4-1  5-2  6-5  7-3  8-1  9-2  10-3.

 

Exercise - 2

Any regular viewer of programmes on television will certainly have some reservations about commercials. When television shows are --1-- good, the commercials that --2-- them are a disgrace. One of the many bad --3-- of commercials is their loudness. They seem --4-- as loud as the programme and the viewer is almost --5-- they come on. Any attempt --6-conversation during commercials is futile. Commercials also take up too much time and -7-- too often. The impression one --8-- gets is that the shows are sandwiched in --9-- long
periods of advertising all of it the same. Often commercials --10-- a show at a particular time is inappropriate.

1. 1) unreasonably    2) timely   3) untimely  4) reasonably   5) rationally

2. 1) accompany   2) arrive   3) attain   4) allow   5) admit

3. 1) things    2) features  3) sounds 4) scenes 5) reels

4. 1) singularly   2) seasonally     3) twice    4) two  5) three

5. 1) deafened    2) blinded   3) dubbed   4) fainted   5) feigned

6. 1) about   2) at     3) on     4) over   5) for

7. 1) repeat   2) reported    3) reproduced 4) remade     5) are repeated

8. 1) rarely    2) seldom  3) usually 4) never   5) always

9. 1) between  2) among   3) to   4) on  5) from

10. 1) end    2) begin     3) start    4) interrupt   5) conclude
 

Answers: 1-4  2-1  3-2  4-3  5-1  6-2  7-5  8-3  9-1  10-4
 

Exercise - 3

All forms of art have developed from religion --1-- religious services. This is also true -2-- writing poetry developed from the --3-- sung in --4-- of the early gods or from incantations sung --5-- bring rain or victory in battle. Plays -6-- from the dances --7-- in --8-- of gods. The novel has developed from the stories --9-about gods. A novel is a story that is based --10-- real life.

1. 1) or     2) by     3) for     4) from     5) to

2. 1) on    2) in      3) with   4) from     5) for

3. 1) stories 2) rhymes    3) lines 4) notes 5) history

4. 1) presence 2) absence   3) name 4) praise 5) price

5. 1) while    2) who   3) when 4) where  5) which

6. 1) put up 2) evolved   3) set up 4) end up 5) pull up

7. 1) performed 2) purchased   3) petitioned 4) produced 5) plotted

8. 1) house  2) hut  3) hour  4) honour  5) hate

9. 1) made 2) pitted  3) plotted 4) telling 5) told

10. 1) in     2) on     3) over     4) for     5) of


Answers: 1-1  2-3  3-2  4-4  5-5  6-2  7-1  8-4  9-5  10-2.

 

Exercise - 4
There is an enemy beneath our --1--. He recognizes no national boundaries, no --2-- parties. Everyone in the world is --3-- by him. The enemy is the earth itself. The --4-- of a quake is greater than --5-- man himself can produce. But --6-- scientists are directing more of their --7-into finding some way of --8-- earthquakes and it is possible that at --9-- time in the near future --10-- will have discovered a means of protecting it from them.

1. 1) self  2) shadow  3) feet  4) nails  5) cots

2. 1) political   2) marriage  3) wedding 4) travelling 5) legal

3. 1) affected  2) dominated   3) threatened   4) terrorized   5) terminated

4. 1) steem   2) streams  3) sites 4) strength 5) strong

5. 1) anything   2) something  3) nothing  4) bad things    5) new things

6. 1) yesterday   2) today  3) tomorrow   4) everyday  5) anyday  

7. 1) money  2) time  3) labs  4) efforts   5) energy

8. 1) shaking  2) combating   3) clubbing   4) joining   5) correcting

9. 1) any  2) no  3) all  4) little  5) some

10. 1) scientists      2) politicians      3) people 4) parties        5) scholars


Answers: 1-3  2-1  3-3  4-4  5-1  6-2  7-4  8-2  9-5  10-1.

 

Exercise - 5

The true elixir of life near to our hands is the commonest of all liquids, plain water. It has --1-- a role of vast significance in --2-- the course of the earth's history and --3-- to play the leading role in the --4-- of life on the surface of our --5--. Indeed, there is nothing here which --6-- so much to the beauty of the --7-as water, be it just a little --8-- trickling over the rocks or a --9-- pond by the way side where animals --10-- their thirst.

1. 1) taken   2) played   3) directed   4) accepted  5) ordered

2. 1) shaping   2) sharing  3) recording   4) writing    5) scripting

3. 1) decides   2) continues   3) prepares   4) refuges  5) conceals

4. 1) motion   2) monitoring   3) movement   4) mending   5) moving

5. 1) plan   2) play   3) party   4) planet    5) star  

6. 1) amounts   2) attracts   3) adds   4) removes   5) records

7. 1) hamlets   2) harbours   3) hearts    4) ghats     5) humanbeings

8. 1) sea   2) stream  3) street    4) leak    5) lake

9. 1) huge   2) small   3) little    4) dwarf     5) diminutive

10. 1) swim 2) drown  3) quench    4) wallow    5) drive


Answers: 1-2  2-1  3-2  4-3  5-4  6-3  7-5  8-2  9-1  10-3.

 

Exercise - 6

 

The word 'ticket' is --1-- to every language in India. --2-- those who are actively --3-- in the political process --4--, a ticket as a permission to --5-- an election as a candidate --6-- a political party. The --7-- if elected, sits in the --8-- assembly or any other --9-- for which he/she contests as a --10-- of the party.

1. 1) common   2) strange   3) popular   4) famous    5) new

2. 1) but  2) so   3) thus  4) hence   5) yet

3. 1) leading   2) lending  3) lagging   4) logging    5) lamenting

4. 1) lock  2) lend  3) look  4) limit  5) lead

5. 1) comment   2) commit    3) contest   4) call   5) cancel

6. 1) by   2) with   3) on  4) for   5) off

7. 1) worker   2) donor   3) labour   4) owner   5) leader

8. 1) legislative   2) village   3) town   4) district    5) party
9. 1) school   2) institute    3) college  4) university   5) committee

10. 1) student   2) teacher   3) politician   4) representative   5) reporter

Answers: 1-1  2-2  3-1  4-3  5-3  6-4  7-5  8-1  9-2  10-4.


Exercise - 7
The solar has been a complicated wonder for astronomers. This is a --1-- to which we may never have the exact answer. Man has wondered --2-- the age of earth --3-- ancient times. There were all kinds of --4-- that seemed to have the --5--. But Man couldn't begin to --6-- about the question scientifically until about 400 years -7--. When it was proved that the --8-- revolved round the sun and earth was a --9-- of our solar system, then scientists knew where to --10--.

1. 1) question  2) problem   3) matter   4) topic   5) argument

2. 1) by  2) for  3) about  4) from 5) to

3. 1) since   2) for   3) from   4) till   5) to

4. 1) ideas   2) thoughts   3) stories   4) questions   5) arguments

5. 1) origin   2) solution   3) query   4) answer  5) doubt

6. 1) guess   2) argue   3) agree   4) accept   5) think

7. 1) before   2) ago   3) after   4) upto   5) from

8. 1) we   2) all   3) moon   4) earth   5) sun

9. 1) parent   2) owner   3) tenant   4) worker   5) part

10. 1) end  2) stop  3) begin  4) sleep  5) think


Answers: 1-1  2-3  3-1  4-3  5-4  6-5  7-2  8-4  9-5  10-3.

Directions (Qs. 1-10): In the following passages some words have been left out. Read the passages carefully and choose the correct answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Passage-1 Did humans really ..1.. from apes? A recent article, a ..2.. in genome research published in Nature Journal shows that may not be the case. The sea sponges share almost 70 percent of human genes. Why do sea sponges share almost 70 percent of human genes? What does that have to do to understand a stealth ..3.. between humans and extraterrestrial origin? The answer lies in the sea floor. According to Jack McClintock, in his article “This Is Your Ancestor,” in the genetic tree based on genome analysis sponge was really the base of animal ..4.., and just above it were the cnidarians, such as jellyfish, anemones, and corals. They, like the sponge, have a saclike body form. They developed tentacles and an opening like a mouth at one end. But there were other forms of life lower down the line of descent that scientists might not have ..5.. Suddenly, they made sense.
1. a) develop     b) originate      c) descend      d) ascend

2. a) discovery     b) development    c) progress    d) breakthrough

3. a) connection      b) division     c) split      d) foible

4. a) lineage       b) history         c) heredity       d) clan

5. a) penetrated       b) expected         c) decided         d) articulated

Passage-2 The whistleblower behind the Panama Papers broke their silence on Friday to explain in detail how the  ..6.. of off-shore tax havens drove them to the biggest data leak in history. The source, whose identity and gender remain a secret, ..7.. being a spy. The whistleblower said the leak of 11.5 m documents from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fouseca had ..8.. a “new, encouraging global debate”, thanks to the ..9.. last month of stories by an international ..10.. of newspapers, including the Guardian

6. a) advantages      b) benefits      c) privileges      d) injustices

7. a) refused      b) declined         c) denied         d) challenged

8. a) fired         b) facilitated      c) triggered        d) started

9. a) announcement      b) publication       c) exposure        d) disclosure

10. a) association       b) consortium        c) forum       d) collaboration

Key With Explanations
1-c;
‘Descend’ means to be inherited or transmitted, as through succeeding generations of a family. Hence, it fits well in the blank.

2-d; ‘Breakthrough’ refers to a signif icant advance, development, achievement in a particular field or situation. In the given sentence it is used for the advancement in information about the descent of humans.

3-a; The passage talks about the commonality between sea sponges and humans. So, the blank will take ‘connection’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

4-a; ‘Lineage’ refers to lineal descent from an ancestor. Hence, it fits the blank. 5-b; The sentence refers to the line of descent that was beyond the expectations of scientists. Hence, ‘expected’ fits the blank.

6-d; The whistleblowers did not gain any advantages or benefits. So options (a) and (b) are eliminated like wise they did not acquire any privileges and hence option (c) is eliminated. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

7-c; The whistleblower was not a spy. Refused and declined in this context are grammatically and semantically wrong. ‘Challenged’ is completely meaningless. Hence, options (a), (b) and (d) are wrong. The correct answer is option (c).

8-c; ‘Started’, ‘fired’ and ‘facilitated’ can all fit in. But they lack the intensity of ‘triggered’. When you pull a trigger you can set off anything from a small pistol to a huge bomb. The debate set of f by the leak is huge. Hence, option (c) is the right answer.

9-b; Stories are not ‘announced’, ‘exposed’ or ‘disclosed’ in newspapers. They are published. Hence, option (b) is the right answer.

10-b; ‘Consortium’ means ‘Association’ but is restricted, to companies, banks etc. ‘Forum ‘and ‘Collaboration’ do not fit in. Hence the correct answer is option (b).

Posted Date : 20-02-2021

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

 

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లేటెస్ట్ నోటిఫికేష‌న్స్‌