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Fill in the blanks

1. Fables are stories that have been told  throughout past generations, trickling ........ to the present to deliver important lessons about life.

A) down    B) out   C) into    D) up

Solution: The phrasal verb ‘trickle down’ means relating to or being an effect caused gradually by remote or indirect influences. In this sentence ‘trickle down’ would mean to pass or distribute. The sentence talks about Fables which are stories that have been passed by the past generation to the present generations to deliver important life lessons.

Ans: A

2. According to Yonhap, Kim had not ........ surgery, citing an unnamed official from the Blue House, the residence of the country’s president.
A) went     B) undergone     C) gone    D) underwent

Solution: The word ‘undergone’ means to experience or be subjected to (something, typically something unpleasant or arduous). Here the sentence talks about Kim not being subjected to surgery. The word ‘went’ is the past tense of ‘go’ which means to move from one place to another; travel. ‘Gone’ is the past participle of ‘go’.‘Underwent’ is the incorrect tense of ‘undergone’ for this sentence, and is hence also wrong grammar. So only ‘undergone’ fits the blank correctly. 

Ans: B

3. South Korea and North Korea also ........ gunfire on their borders Sunday morning, Reuters reported, and no one was injured.

A) swapping    B) switched     C) exchanged     D) exchanges

Solution: The word ‘swap’ means give (one thing) and receive something else in exchange, e.g.: would you like to swap one of your sandwiches for a cheese and pickle?. Here ‘swapping’ is the present continuous form of ‘swap’, which is incorrect use in this sentence as it is in past tense. The word ‘switched’ means to change the position, direction, or focus of. It thus makes no sense when used in this context. ‘Exchanged’ means give something and receive something of the same kind in return. The sen tence says that there has been repeated shooting of guns in the border between South and North Korea. Therefore, only this is the correct fit for the blank. 

Ans: C

4. Jeff is giving us the fuel, vision, and inspiration ........ run both a marathon and a sprint as we do our best to make a difference where we can.

A) from     B) to    C) at      D) in

Solution: "Inspiration to/ or for somebody" means - a person or thing that makes you want to be better, more successful, etc. We say we give inspiration ‘to’ someone and we get inspiration ‘from’ something. The sentence however says that the person gives us inspiration ‘to’ run a marathon and a sprint. Option C and option D are incorrect grammar if used in the blank. 

Ans: B

5. Through reading fables ........ your child you will be imparting truths to them that would otherwise be not so fun to teach.

A) with     B) along    C) to     D) beside

Solution: Here only ‘with’ would make a correct fit grammar wise and sense wise. ‘With’ means accompanied by (another person or thing). The sentence says that reading fable accompanied by your child will impart truth to them. If we were to use ‘along’ we should follow it by ‘with’. We say ‘along with’ to mean in company with or at the same time as. ‘Beside’ means at the side of; next to.

Ans: A

6. On Monday, April 27, Luckin confirmed that it is cooperating with Chinese regulators in ........ investigation, after reports emerged that its offices were raided by officials the previous day.

A) there    B) their    C) they’re     D) It’s

Solution: The sentence talks about Luckin confirming the fact that it its cooperating with Chinese regulators in ‘their’ investigation. ‘Their’ means belonging to or associated with the people or things previously mentioned or easily identified. ‘There’ means in, at, or to that place or position. They’re is basically they + are, and it’s is it + is. 

Ans: B

7. Already hit by the coronavirus-induced shutdowns, Lucki’.s share price dropped ........ $26.20 to $6.40 per share on April 2, and closed at $4.39 per share before trading was suspended on April 7.

A) to   B) by     C) from    D) for

Solution: ‘From’ means- indicating the point in time at which a particular process, event, or activity starts. Only the preposition ‘from’ is the correct fit for the blank. It means that the price of the shares dropped ‘from’ a higher price to a lower price. The other prepositions listed in options A, B, D are wrong grammar here. 

Ans: C

8. Rokke, 61, will let scientists use the yacht for free to plot oceanic garbage patches, ........ fish stocks and test water acidity levels.

A) access    B) test   C) assess     D) appraisal

Solution: ‘Access’ means obtain or retrieve (computer data or a file) or the means or opportunity to approach or enter a place. ‘Test' means a procedure intended to establish the quality, performance, or reliability of something, especially before it is taken into widespread use. ‘Assess’ means evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of, it also means to ‘appraise’, however ‘appraisal’ is performing the test or ‘appraise’. Here the sentence talks about testing the quality or level of fish stocks. 

Ans: C

9. A shepherd boy ........ his master’s sheep near a dark forest not far from the village.

A) tended      B) tender    C) tending      D) None of the above

Solution: ‘Tended’ means to go or move in a particular direction. ‘Tender’ means showing gentleness, kindness, and affection or (of food) easy to cut or chew; not tough. ‘Tending’ is the gerund or present participle of ‘tend’ meaning to regularly or frequently behave in a particular way or have a certain characteristic. The sentence talks about a boy who tends his master’s sheep (that is made it move in a particular direction).

Ans: A

10. One day as he sat watching the sheep and the quiet forest, and ........ what he would do should he see a wolf, he thought of a plan to amuse himself.
A) think    B) thought    C) thank    D) thinking

Solution: Here we follow the law of parallelism. According to that, we must use the present continuous form of ‘think’ i.e. ‘thinking’. 

Ans: D

11. The wolf killed a great many of the boy’s sheep and then slipped ........ into the forest.

A) away    B) under   C) into     D) None of the above

Solution: The phrasal verb ‘slip away’ means to leave a place without being noticed, e.g. They slipped away from the party right after dinner. Here the sentence talk about the sheep is going into the forest without anyone noticing it. ‘Slip into’ means -to gradually start to be in a bad state or situation, e.g. She felt herself slip into unconsciousness. On the other hand "slipping under" is sometimes used to indicate that feeling as you begin to lose consciousness, either as you fall asleep or from some other influence (drugs, alcohol, a spell).

Ans: A

12. The perseverance paid off and somehow, banks continued to ........ Rokke money, enabling him to start anew.

A) borrow   B) give  C) lend    D) take

Solution: ‘Lend’ means grant to (someone) the use of (something) on the understanding that it will be returned. ‘Borrow’ means take and use (something belonging to someone else) with the intention of returning it. In this context only ‘lend’ would be the correct fit. Therefore the correct answer is option C.

Ans: C

* But when they got there they found the boy doubled up with laughter at the trick he had played ........ them.

A) at   B) on    C) over    D) above

Solution: The idiom is ‘to play a trick on someone’ which means to carry out a trick, deception, or practical joke (against one). E.g. It turns out that the supposed alien visitors that people had been seeing were just a bunch of teenagers playing tricks ‘on’ the entire town. Therefore the correct preposition would be ‘on’. 

Ans: B

* When the Miser discovered his loss, he was ........ with grief and despair.

A) overcame    B) overcome   C) shocked    D) None of the above

Solution: ‘Overcome’ means (of a feeling or emotion) overpower or overwhelm. ‘Overcame’ is in past tense here, and is hence wrong grammar when used in this sentence. ‘Shocked’ means to cause (someone) to feel surprised and upset, thus it is not correct in this context. 

Ans: B

* Rokke took a job as a deckhand on a Norwegian fishing boat, staying at sea ........ ten months of the year.

A) since    B) for    C) about    D) in

Solution: While ‘for’ represents a specific period or duration of time, ‘since’ is used to denote a particular moment in time. When we use the word 'since' to refer to a particular time, the verb used in the main clause, is either in the present/ past perfect tense or present/ past perfect continuous tense. About means (used with a number or quantity) approximately. In would be a incorrect fit in this context, as it is wrong grammar when used in the blank.

 Ans: B

* The woodcutter explained the problem and ........ the Goddess to get his axe back.

A) request B) requesting C) requested D) asked

Solution: The sentence is in simple past and talks about the woodcutter begging the goddess to get back his axe. Here the correct word to fit would be ‘request’ in its past participle form i.e. ‘requested’. 

Ans: C

* One day, while cutting a tree near a river, his axe slipped out of his hand and fell ........ the river.

A) at    B) into    C) on    D) over

Solution: The sentence talks about the axe slipping and falling in the river. The preposition ‘at’ is used to indicate a point or place occupied in space. ‘Into’ means expressing movement or action with the result that someone or something becomes enclosed or surrounded by something else. Thus the correct preposition here would be ‘into’. 

Ans: B

Posted Date : 23-05-2023

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.



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