Directions (Qs. 1 - 5): Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
Freedom of ...(1)... assembly, sometimes used interchangeably with the freedom of association, is the ...(2)... right or ability of people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their ...(3)... or shared ideas. The right to freedom of association is recognized as a human right, a political right and a civil liberty. The terms freedom of assembly and freedom of association may be used to ...(4)... between the freedom to assemble in public places and the freedom to ...(5)... an association.
1. A) happy B) enthusiasm C) joyful D) peaceful
happy: feeling or showing pleasure or contentment.
enthusiasm: intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
joyful: feeling, expressing, or causing great pleasure and happiness.
peaceful: free from disturbance; tranquil.
2. A) individual B) single C) alone D) abandon
individual: single; separate.
affirm: state emphatically or publicly.
alone: having no one else present.
abandon: cease to support or look after (someone); desert.
3. A) connective B) together C) collective D) group
connective: a word or phrase whose function is to link other linguistic units.
together: with or in proximity to another person or people.
collective: done by people acting as a group.
group: a number of people or things that are located.
4. A) devastat B) derivate C) diplomatic D) distinguish
devastate: destroy or ruin.
derivate: something derived, especially a product obtained chemically from a raw material.
diplomatic: of or concerning diplomacy.
distinguish: recognize or treat (someone or something) as different.
5. A) relate B) admonish C) adorn D) join
relate: make or show a connection between.
admonish: warn or reprimand someone firmly.
adorn: make it more beautiful or attractive.
join: link; connect.
Directions (Qs. 6 - 10): Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
Traditionally, this genre of folk dance deals with different and ...(6)... subject matters such as society, religion and politics. The songs in 'Lavani' are mostly erotic in sentiment and the dialogues tend to be pungent in socio-political satire. Originally, it was used as a form of ...(7)... and morale booster to the tired soldiers. Lavani songs, which are sung along with dance, are usually naughty and erotic in nature. It is believed their ...(8)... is in the Prakrit Gathas collected by Hala. The Nirguni Lavani (philosophical) and the Sringari Lavani (sensual) are the two types. The devotional music of the Nirguni cult is ...(9)... all over Malwa. Lavani developed into two ...(10)... performances, namely Padachi Lavani and Baithakichi Lavani.
6. A) varied B) carried C) levied D) planned
varied: incorporating a number of different types or elements; showing variation or variety.
carried: support and move (someone or something) from one place to another.
7. A) stylish B) entertainment C) lavish D) exemplary
stylish: fashionably elegant and sophisticated.
entertainment: the action of providing or being provided with amusement or enjoyment.
lavish: sumptuously rich, elaborate, or luxurious.
exemplary: serving as a desirable model; very good.
8. A) organise B) origin C) establish D) relinquish
organize: arrange systematically; order.
origin: the point or place where something begins, arises, or is derived.
establish: set up on a firm or permanent basis.
relinquish: voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up.
9. A) imaginary B) rich C) popular D) elegant
Explanation: imaginary: existing only in the imagination.
rich: having a great deal of money or assets; wealthy.
popular: liked or admired by many people or by a particular person or group.
elegant: liked or admired by many people or by a particular person or group.
10. A) surveillance B) gratification C) lenient D) distinct
surveillance: close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
gratification: pleasure, especially when gained from the satisfaction of a desire.
lenient: (of a punishment or person in authority) more merciful or tolerant than expected.
distinct: recognizably different in nature from something else of a similar type.
Directions (11 - 15): Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
Feminism is defined as a social and political ...(11)... that advocates for women’s rights on the grounds of ...(12)... of sexes. Feminism in no way denies the biological differences between the sexes but demands equality in opportunity social, political and economic arenas. Most ...(13)... believe feminist campaigns to be the reason for the crucial historical developments of women empowerment. The right to vote, right to public property, right to work and receive education, all own their roots to the feminist campaigns of the twentieth century. Modern-day feminists are also involved in lifealtering campaigns supporting ...(14)... of unwanted pregnancy and reproductive rights. They have ground-breaking achievements on women’s, ...(15)... questioning patriarchy and renouncing gender roles.
11. A) movement B) issue C) scene D) statue
movement: an act of moving.
issue: an important topic or problem for debate or discussion.
scene: the place where an incident in real life or fiction occurs or occurred.
statue: a carved or cast figure of a person or animal, especially one that is life-size or larger.
12. A) partiality B) morality C) equality D) biased
partiality: unfair bias in favor of one person or thing; favoritism.
morality: principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behaviour.
equality: the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities.
biased: unfairly prejudiced for or against someone or something.
13. A) renowned B) bravery C) intelligents D) scholars
renowned: known or talked about by many people; famous.
bravery: courageous behaviour or character.
intelligents: having or showing intelligence, especially of a high level.
scholars: a specialist in a particular branch of study, especially the humanities.
14. A) naberration B) ablution C) abortion D) abuse
aberration: a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.
ablution: an act of washing oneself.
abortion: an abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy.
abuse: use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.
15. A) suffrage B) reverence C) pungent D) vehemently
suffrage: the right to vote in political elections.
reverence: deep respect for someone or something.
pungent: having a sharply strong taste or smell.
vehemently: in a forceful, passionate, or intense manner; with great feeling.
Directions (Qs. 16 - 20): Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
Democracy is a form of government in which the final ...(16)... to deliberate and decide the legislation for the country lies with the people, either directly or through ...(17)... Within a democracy, the method of decision-making, and the demarcation of citizens vary among countries. However, some ...(18)... principles of democracy include the rule of law, inclusivity, political deliberations, voting via elections, etc. Democracy where people make decisions for the country is the only known form of governance in the world that promises to inculcate principles of equality, liberty and justice. The idea of democracy derives its moral strength – and popular appeal – from two key principles: Individual autonomy means the idea that noone should be subject to rules which have been ...(19)... by others. People should be able to control theirown lives (within reason). Equalitymeans the idea that everyone should have the same opportunity to influence the decisions of ...(20)... people in society.
16. A) authority B) sincerity C) generosity D) creativity
authority: the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience.
sincerity: the absence of pretense, deceit, or hypocrisy.
generosity: the quality of being kind and generous.
creativity: the use of imagination or original ideas to create something; inventiveness.
17. A) electives B) members C) leaders D) representatives
electives: an optional course of study.
members: a person, animal, or plant belonging to a particular group.
eaders: the person who leads or commands a group, organization, or country.
representatives: typical of a class, group, or body of opinion.
18. A) retrieval B) functional C) dictatorial D) fundamental
retrieval: the process of getting something back from somewhere.
functional: of or having a special activity, purpose, or task.
dictatorial: of or typical of a ruler with total power.
fundamental: forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.
19. A) reacted B) imposed C) envied D) pleased
reacted: act in response to something; respond in a particular way.
imposed: force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone.
envied: desire to have a quality, possession, or other desirable thing belonging to (someone else).
pleased: feeling or showing pleasure and satisfaction, especially at an event or a situation.
20. A) result B) affect C) join D) create
result: a thing that is caused or produced by something else; a consequence or outcome.
affect: have an effect on; make a difference to.
join: a place or line where two or more things are connected or fastened together.
create: bring (something) into existence.