Directions (Qs. 1 - 10): In this type of questions, two words are given. These words are related to each other in some way. Another word is also given. The candidate is required to find out the relationship between the first two words and choose the word from the given alternatives, which bears the same relationship to the third word, as the first two bear.
1. Russia : Moscow :: Norway : ?
A) Colombo B) Beijing C) Rome D) Oslo
Sol: Moscow is the capital city of Russia. Oslo is the capital city of Norway. Beijing is the capital city of China. Rome is the capital city of Italy. Colombo is the capital city of Sri Lanka.
2. Ostrich : Bird : Snake : ?
A) Mammal B) Insect C) Reptile D) Rodent
Sol: Ostrich belongs to the class of birds. Snake belongs to the class of Reptiles. Man belongs to the class of mammals. Butterflies belong to the class of Insect. Rat belongs to the class of Rodents.
3. Seismograph : Earthquakes :: Sphygmomanometer : ?
A) Thickness B) Blood pressure C) Humidity D) Current
Sol: Seismograph is an instrument used to measure Earthquakes. Sphygmomanometer is an instrument used to measure Blood pressure. Screw gauge is an instrument used to measure Thickness.Hygrometer is an instrument used to measure Humidity. Ammeter is an instrument used to measure Current.
4. Omelette : Egg :: Linen : ?
A) Leather B) Wool C) Flax D) Fibre
Sol: Omelette is made of Egg.
Linen is made of Flax.
Shoes is made of Leather.
Pullover is made of Wool.
Cloth is made of Fibre.
5. Actor : Stage :: Clerk : ?
A) Office B) Factory C) Hospital D) Site
Sol: Actors work on a stage.
Clerk works at a Office.
Worker works at a Factory.
Doctor works at a Hospital.
Engineer works at a Site.
6. Cordial : Hostile :: Lethargy : ?
A) Harsh B) Shallow C) Peace D) Alertness
Sol: Cordial is the antonym of Hostile.
Lethargy is the antonym of Alertness.
Gentle is the antonym of Harsh.
Deep is the antonym of Shallow.
Chaos is the antonym of Peace.
7. Doctor : Stethoscope :: Gardener : ?
A) Plough B) Harrow C) Axe D) Chisel
Sol: Stethoscope is the tool used by a Doctor.
Harrow is the tool used by a Gardener.
Plough is the tool used by a Farmer.
Axe is the tool used by a woodcutter.
Chisel is the tool used by a Sculptor.
8. Soldiers : Army :: Bees : ?
A) Brood B) Bunch C) Swarm D) Hoarde
Sol: A group of Soldiers is called an Army.
A group of Bees is called a Swarm.
A group of chickens is called a Brood.
A group of Grapes is called a Bunch.
A group of Nomads is called a Hoarde.
9. Duck : Quack :: Goat : ?
A) Patter B) Cackle C) Croak D) Bleat
Sol: Quack is the sound produced by a Duck.
Bleat is the sound produced by a Goat.
Patter is the sound produced by a Rain.
Cackle is the sound produced by a Hen.
Croak is the sound produced by a Frog.
10. USA : Dollar :: Iraq : ?
A) Dinar B) Baht C) Dirham D) Lira
Sol: Dollar is the currency of the USA.
Dinar is the currency of Iraq.
Baht is the currency of Thailand.
Dirham is the currency of the UAE.
Lira is the currency of Turkey.
Directions: (Qs. 11 - 18): In each of the following questions, there is a certain relationship between two given numbers on one side of :: and one number is given on another side of :: while another number is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relationship with this number as the numbers of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.
11. 9 : 28 :: 56 : ?
A) 214 B) 224 C) 216 D) 226
Sol: The relationship is x : (4x − 8)
9 : (4 × 9 − 8)
= 9 : 28
Similarly, 56 : (4 × 56 − 8)
= 56 : 216
12. 7 : 56 :: 12 : ?
A) 146 B)156 C) 154 D) 166
Sol: The relationship is x : x2 + x
7 : 72+ 7
= 7 : 56
Similarly, 12 : 122 + 12
= 12 : 156
13. 121 : 1331 :: 196 : ?
A) 2477 B) 2744 C) 2754 D) 3477
Sol: The relationship is x2 : x3
112 : 113
= 121 : 1331
Similarly, 142 : 143
= 196 : 2744
14. 3375 : 240 :: 4913 : ?
A) 186 B) 306 C) 376 D) 286
Sol: The relationship is x3 : x2 + x
153 : 152+ 15
= 3375 : 240
Similarly, 173 : 172 + 17
= 4913 : 306
15. 30 : 25 :: 50 : ?
A) 81 B) 71 C) 61 D) 91
Sol: The relationship is (5x + 10) : (x + 1)2
(5 × 4 + 10) : (4 + 1)2
= 30 : 25
Similarly, (5 × 8 + 10) : (8 + 1)2
= 50 : 81
16. 18 : 162 :: 22 : ?
A) 252 B) 262 C) 242 D) 272
17. 2730 : 196 :: 2184 : ?
A) 159 B)169 C) 279 D) 249
Sol: The relationship is x3− x : x2
143 − 14 : 142
= 2730 : 196
Similarly, 133 − 13 : 132
= 2184 : 169
18. 64 : 81 :: 8 : ?
A) 11 B) 21 C) 31 D) 1
Sol: The relationship is xy : (x − 1)y+1
43: (4 − 1)3 + 1
= 64 : 81
Similarly, 23 : (2 − 1)3+1
= 8 : 1
Directions (Qs. 19 - 23): In each of the following questions, a group of three/ four inter-related words is given. Choose a word from the given alternatives, that is similar to the given words and hence belongs to the same group.
19. Agartala : Lucknow : Chennai : Bengalure
A) Mysore B) Ahmedabad C) Indore D) Hyderabad
Sol: Clearly, Agartala, Lucknow, Chennai, Bengalure are all capital cities of various indian states (Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka respectively). Similarly, Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana State.
20. Pancreas : Heart : Eyes
A) Saliva B) Bilirubin C) Liver D) Nose
Sol: Pancreas, Heart and Eyes are all organs of the human body and so is the Liver.
21. Violet : Red : Indigo
A) Blue B) White C) Black D) Pink
Sol: Violet, Red and Indigo are colours of a rainbow and so is the colour Blue.
22. Maize : Wheat : Sorghum
A) Jute B) Sugarcane C) Tea D) Cassava
Sol: Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are food crops and so is the Cassava.
23. Nichrome : Brass : Steel
A) Copper B) Iron C) Calcium D) Bronze
Sol: Nichrome, Brass and Steel are alloys and so is the Bronze.
Directions (Qs. 24 - 26): In each of the following questions, choose that set of numbers from the four alternative sets that are similar to the given set.
24. Given set : (11, 77, 88)
A) (13, 91, 104) B) (17, 81, 114) C) (19, 91, 121) D) (15, 71, 131)
Sol: In each set, 2nd number = (1st number × 7)
and 3rd number = (1st number × 8)
25. Given set : (159, 148, 133)
A) (131, 152, 173) B) (121, 110, 95) C) (151, 173, 192) D) (101, 92, 78)
Sol: In each set, 2nd number = (1st number − 11)
and 3rd number = (2nd number − 15)
26. Given set : (90, 343, 686)
A) (110, 480, 763) B) (80, 240, 560) C) (52, 305, 648) D) (75, 390, 720)
Sol: In each set, 2nd number = (1st number + 253);
and 3rd number = (2nd number + 343)