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VOCABULARY

our vocabulary in English language is a plus point to you because it hugely helps you in competitive exams. As you know, a graduate must have a vocabulary of at least 3000 words. It must include  synonyms and antonyms of the words that we use in our daily life. You must also acquire the skill of using these words in sentences with understanding and clarity. Reading of newspapers and English literature gives you these skills. Answer some previous question papers to know how questions are set on vocabulary.


DIRECTIONS (Qs.1-15): Under each question, FIVE options are given and your job is to choose the word that is most nearly the same in meaning to the word given in CAPITALS.


1. The air of Madanapalli sanatorium is very SALUBRIOUS
1) Sick  2) Salutary 3) Sanity  4) Sanitary  5) Saliva


2. There are many young and VIGILANT officers in our Customs Enforcement Department.
1) Vigorous  2) Villainous  3) Violent   4) Watchful  5) Wonderful


3. The accused left the police station CONTRITE
1) Confused  2) Repentant 3) Removed  4) Confessed  5) Convicted


4. The early monsoon brought RESPITE to the people of Rayalaseema this year.
1) A break 2) A new wind  3) A heatwave  4) Hard weather 5) A good harvest


5. Veena doesn't like Venu MEDDLING in her affairs.
1) Helping 2) Interesting 3) Interfering  4) Inquiring  5) Inspecting


6. Prasad has a PENCHANT for collecting old English novels
1) Dislike 2) Inclination  3) Store  4) Place 5) Shop


7. The project of the bridge across the river has been facing a severe PAUCITY of funds from day one.
1) A good supply of   2) No supply of   3) Scarcity of  4) A great supply of   5) A supreme supply of


8. It is a SAGACIOUS move to buy gold at this time.
1) Foolish  2) Costly 3) Wise  4) Asinine  5) Advisable


9. This house has been REFURBISHED  recently
1) Renovated  2) Remodelled  3) Resold  4) Demolished  5) Destroyed


10. Many people think that their fates seem  INTERTWINED
1) Have gaps  2) Linked 3) Disjointed  4) Disconnected  5) Thithered


11. Demonetization was a HISTORIC move by Mr. Modi.
1) Connected to history  2) Important  3) Intelligent  4) Independent  5) Impatient


12. For every person character is an INVALUABLE asset
1) Cheap   2) Individualistic  3) Valuable  4) Visible   5) Verifiable


13. The minister strongly REFUTED the charges of nepotism.
1) Declined   2) Denounced  3) Disputed  4) Disproved  5) Denied


14. The minister's speech had a SOPORIFIC impact on the audience.
1) Smooth  2) Rough  3) Pleasant  4) Smile-inducing  5) Sleep-inducing


15. My father is an INDEFATIGABLE worker
1) Tireless  2) Tiresome 3) Tedious  4) Treacherous  5) Team-spirited


DIRECTIONS (Qs.16-25): In these questions  choose the word similar in meaning to the word  given in CAPITALS.


16. TRANSIENT
1) everlasting  2) permanent  3) temporary  4) uncertain  5) None of the above


17. ABJURE
1) attend 2) give up  3) seize  4) capture  5) None of the above


18. VALIANT
1) timid   2) cowardly 3) courageous  4) soft   5) None of the above


19. PLUMP
1) slim   2) thin   3) lean  4) fat   5) None of the above


20. BESEECH
1) request  2) announce 3) search  4) beware   5) None of the above


21. EMIT
1) appear   2) disappear   3) exit  4) discharge   5) None of the above


22. ODIOUS
1) bad smell   2) loveable 3) hateful  4) playful  5) None of the above


23. GARNISH
1) gather  2) decorate  3) gain  4) group  5) None of the above


24. AUDACIOUS
1) cruel   2) courageous 3) timid  4) kind   5) None of the above


25. GARRULOUS
1) fighting   2) inactive   3) gazelle  4) silent   5) None of the above


DIRECTIONS (Qs.26 - 40): Under each question,  there are FIVE options and identify the word that is most nearly the opposite in meaning  to the word given in CAPITALS.


26. A young college student was charged with  ABETTING the kidnapping and murdering  of a teenager in his village.
1) encouraging   2) supporting  3) resisting  4) scheming  5) plotting


27. Many women groups have made a FERVENT  appeal to the government to pass the Women Reservation Bill which has been kept in cold storage for almost 10 years!
1) strong   2) powerful   3) full-throated  4) calm   5) forceful


28. At the success of Balu in the Civil Exams,  his parents felt ELATED.
1) joyous   2) jubilant  3) disappointed   4) delighted   5) excited


29. R K Narayana is known for his IMMACULATE style of writing.
1) perfect   2) imperfect   3) clean  4) spotless  5) impressive


30. Though my grandfather is 80 years old, he  shows no signs of SENILITY mentally.
1) youth   2) oldage  3) middle age  4) teenage   5) advanced age


31. It is often said that there are no permanent FOES in politics.
1) enemies   2) partners   3) employees    4) employers   5) friends


32. My parents are not happy about my DISMAL performance in the exams.
1) bad   2) dull   3) gloomy  4) good   5) unimpressive


33. Rahul failed in the interview for giving some IMPERTINENT answers.
1) irrelevant   2) wrong   3) relevant  4) foolish   5) unwise


34. The richest man in our town is known not  only for his wealth but also for his MAGNANIMITY
1) goodness  2) kindness 3) cruelty  4) close-fistedness  5) open-mindedness


35. Geeta is deeply hurt by her husband's CURT behaviour.
1) gently  2) serious  3) rough  4) harsh   5) humble


36. Some countries believe in racial SEGREGATION
1) separation   2) division 3) grading  4) integration   5) ranking


37. In India every year RECKLESS driving kills  thousands of people.
1) careful    2) careless    3) slow     4) blind    5) neckbreaking


38. Two youths stabbed each other in Hyderabad over a small ALTERCATION.
1) fight   2) dispute   3) conflict  4) concord   5) conference


39. During the interview, the panel members  made every candidate feel AT EASE
1) tense   2) confused   3) confessed  4) tough   5) comfortable]


40. Baseless rumours posted on social media  often TRIGGER riots and arson in our country.
1) cause   2) halt   3) start  4) spark   5) flare up


DIRECTIONS (Qs.41-45): In the questions given below, four words are given of which two are most nearly same or opposite in meaning. Pick out the option which represents the correct  combination of those words as your answer.
(From PO MAIN Exams 2016)


41. A) Tranquillity   B) Loyalty  C) Calamity  D) Uproar
1) A and C   2) B and D   3) B and C  4) C and D   5) None of the above


42. A) Vilification B) Nullification  C) Denigration   D) Falsification
1) A and B   2) B and C   3) A and C  4) B and D   5) None of the above


43. A) Census   B) Censure   C) Reprimand   D) Universe
1) A and B   2) A and D   3) A and C   4) B and C   5) C and D


44. A) Exorbitant   B) Expeditious   C) Quick   D) Quest
1) C and D   2) A and B   3) A and D  4) C and B   5) None of the above


45. A) Opaque   B) Transparent  C) Transverse  D) Transvestite
1) A and D   2) B and D   3) C and A   4) B and A   5) None of the above


DIRECTIONS (Qs.46-59): In these questions  choose the word which is most nearly opposite  in meaning to the word given in CAPITALS.


46. DEPTH
1) deep   2) bottomless 3) dive  4) shallow   5) None of the above


47. TAINT
1) spotted   2) smudge 3) clear  4) stigma   5) None of the above


48. PROSPERITY
1) wealthy 2) rich   3) opportunity  4) opulent   5) None of the above


49. FEIGNED
1) dishonest 2) affected 3) false  4) spurious 5) None of the above


50. CHAOTIC
1) disorder 2) organized 3) disarray  4) turbid 5) None of the above


51. DYNAMIC
1) lively   2) potent   3) intense  4) static   5) None of the above


52. RELINQUISH
1) dump   2) continue   3) drop  4) vacate   5) None of the above


53. CORRUPT
1) honest   2) dishonest   3) unclean   4) padded   5) None of the above


54. FRUGALITY
1) saving  2) economy 3) prodigality   4) stinginess   5) None of the above


55. CROWDED
1) massed 2) mobbed 3) congested  4) crushed   5) None of the above


56. FABRICATE
1) invent   2) demolish 3) construct   4) renovate   5) None of the above


57. INSIPID
1) inane   2) prosy 3) dull  4) tasty   5) None of the above


58. FLIPPANT
1) frivolous   2) glib   3) serious   4) playful   5) None of the above


59. TRIUMPH
1) elation   2) defeat   3) success   4) victory   5) None of the above

 

ANSWERS


 1-2    2-4      3-2     4-1     5-3     6-2       7-3      8-3     9-1      10-2     11-2      12-3      13-4      14-5      15-1       16-3      17-2       18-3       19-4      20-1       21-1      22-3      23-2     24-2     25-5    26-3     27-4    28-3     29-2    30-1   31-5    32-4    33-3    34-4     35-1     36-4     37-1    38-4     39-5     40-2     41-5     42-3     43-4     44-4     45-4     46-4     47-3     48-5     49-5    50-2    51-4
52-2    53-1    54-3     55-5     56-2     57-4     58-3     59-2

Posted Date : 04-02-2021

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్లో వచ్చే ప్రకటనలు అనేక దేశాల నుండి, వ్యాపారస్తులు లేదా వ్యక్తుల నుండి వివిధ పద్ధతులలో సేకరించబడతాయి. ఆయా ప్రకటనకర్తల ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల గురించి ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికీ, ఉద్యోగస్తులకూ ఎటువంటి అవగాహనా ఉండదు. కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచిననుసరించి కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికతతో పంపబడతాయి. ఏ ప్రకటనని అయినా పాఠకులు తగినంత జాగ్రత్త వహించి, ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల గురించి తగిన విచారణ చేసి, తగిన జాగ్రత్తలు తీసుకొని కొనుగోలు చేయాలి. ఉత్పత్తులు / సేవలపై ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎటువంటి నియంత్రణ ఉండదు. కనుక ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాల విషయంలో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యం ఎటువంటి బాధ్యత వహించదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఎటువంటి ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకీ తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు తీసుకోబడవు.

 

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