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         The excretory system is a system of organs that removes waste products from the body. When cells in the body break down proteins (large molecules that are essential to the structure and functioning of all living cells), they produce wastes such as urea (a chemical compound of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen). When cells break down carbohydrates (compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and used as a food), they produce water and carbon dioxide as waste products. If these useless waste products are allowed to accumulate in the body, they would become dangerous to the body's health. The kidneys, considered the main excretory organs in humans, eliminate water, urea, and other waste products from the body in the form of urine.
     Other systems and organs in the body also play a part in excretion. The respiratory system eliminates water vapor and carbon dioxide through exhalation (the process of breathing out). The digestive system removes feces, the solid undigested wastes of digestion, by a process called defecation or elimination. The skin also acts as an organ of excretion by removing water and small amounts of urea and salts (as sweat).
   Defecation is different from excretion system. Defecation removes undigested food from the digestive tract.

Posted Date : 03-02-2021


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