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    Reproduction in plants will be held through the parts of the plants, such as roots, stems, leaves and flowers. Except the flowers the other parts of the plant are called as vegetative parts. Flower is known as the reproductive part.

    Like humans, plants also can reproduce and make similar copies themselves. Although humans have only one type of reproduction, most plants can reproduce in two different ways. They are,
   i. Sexual reproduction in plants
   ii. Asexual reproduction in plants


i. Sexual reproduction in plants
    Sexual reproduction in plants and animals requires the production of sex cells, usually called sperm and eggs in reproductive organs. The offspring produced by sexual reproduction are genetically different from either parent organism.

   Although plants and animals have sexual reproduction, there are differences in the way that it occurs. Fertilization is an important event in sexual reproduction.
   Fertilization occurs when a sperm and egg combine to produce the first cell of the new organism, the zygote. In some plants, water or wind help bring the sperm to the egg. For other plants, animals as insects help bring the egg and sperm together.


ii. Asexual reproduction in plants
   Plants, which don’t have seeds, will get new plants with the help of growers. These can produce new plants by asexual reproduction because many plant cells have the ability to grow into a variety of cell types. New plants can be grown from just a few cells in the laboratory. Under the right conditions, an entire plant can grow from one leaf or just a position of the stem or root. When growers use these methods to start new plants, they must make sure that the leaf, stem, or root cutting have plenty of water and anything else that they need to survive.


    Asexual reproduction has been used to produce plants for centuries. Many plants, such as lawn grasses also can spread and cover wide areas because their stems grow underground and produce new grass plants asexually along the length of the stem.

Posted Date : 03-02-2021


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