• facebook
  • whatsapp
  • telegram

INTRODUCTION

    Invitro fertilization or fertilization (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (zygote) is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman's uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. 
                   
The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to Dr. Robert G.Edwards for the development of human in vitro fertilization (IVF), a medical advance that represents a paradigm shift in the treatment of many types of infertility. The inability to conceive a child is a reproductive defect that afflicts more than 10% of all couples worldwide.
     During the 1950s, Edwards came to realize the potential of IVF as a treatment for this medical condition. What inspired him to take on this challenge was his research on how hormones control critical ovarian functions in mice, such as oocyte maturation and ovulation. By a brilliant combination of basic and applied medical research, Edwards overcame one technical hurdle after another in his persistance to discover a method that would help to alleviate infertility. He was the first to show that human oocytes could undergo in vitro maturation, as well as fertilization in vitro. He was also the first to show that in vitro fertilized human oocytes could give rise to early stage embryos and blastocysts.
     All of Edwards’ accomplishments came together at 11.47 PM, on July 25 1978 with the birth of Louise Joy Brown, the worlds’ first child conceived through IVF. Dr. Robert G. Edwards’ research has completely transformed the field of reproductive medicine and today close to 4 million babies have been born thanks to the discovery of human IVF.

Posted Date : 03-02-2021

 

స్ట‌డీ మెటీరియ‌ల్‌

పాత ప్రశ్నప‌త్రాలు

 

విద్యా ఉద్యోగ సమాచారం

 

నమూనా ప్రశ్నపత్రాలు

 

లేటెస్ట్ నోటిఫికేష‌న్స్‌