* Allergic asthma may be induced when fungal spores (which are smaller than pollen grains) are inhaled into the lungs. These spores reach the small air sacs inside the lungs where they cause chronic inflammation.
* Allergic rhinitis is caused when fungal spores irritate and inflame the mucus membranes that line the sinus cavities. Symptoms include sneezing, a runny nose or blocked nose.
* Nail fungus is usually caused when an open cut or wound on your toe or finger gets infected with fungi from bathroom floors/walls or other fungus infested places.
* Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (also known as extrinsic allergic alveolitis) is caused when allergens are repeatedly inhaled thereby causing allergic reactions. This condition may lead to chronic disease and permanent lung damage.
* Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin associated with allergen IgE and fungi.
* Allergic Sinusitis is usually caused when multiple sinuses are affected by fungi. Mycetoma (Fungus balls) can develop in some cases. They vary in size and appear to be blackish-green. Invasive sinusitis can also develop. This is a rapid growing infection which most doctors advising surgery as a treatment. Some forms of this fungal infection can lead to chronic invasive fungal sinusitis. This can cause abnormalities that can be seen on an individual’s face due to erosion of the ethmoid sinuses. Fungal sinusitis should be treated by a professional.
* Mycotoxicosis is a disease caused by 'mycotoxins'. Mycotoxins are produced by molds; these mycotoxins impair the immune system.
* Patients often have associated asthma with fungal sinusitis.