Area: 23 million square km (876000 mi2)
Population: 739 million people live in Europe.
Highest Point: 1. El'brus in Russia, (5642 m/18510 ft.);
2. Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 4807m (15771 ft.).
Largest Lake: Lake Balaton, Hungary, largest lake of Central Europe, 592 km2.
Longest Rivers: 1. Volga (3,690 km (2,293 miles), 2. Danube 2850 km (1770 miles)
Languages of Europe: English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, East European languages.
Europe shares its boundaries with Arctic Ocean in the North, by Atlantic Ocean in the West. In the south of Europe lies the Mediterranean Sea and to the East, its boundary is vague and blurred. Considering in terms of area, Russia is the largest country in Europe occupying a territory of 17,098,242 km square.
The smallest and least populated country in Europe is The Vatican City with a population as low as 800 people. Europe has been the birth place for the world's most ancient civilizations like Greece and Rome. Europe has also been the epicenter of the biggest wars; World War I and World War II which wreaked havoc on the people of several countries. The major countries of Europe collectively form European Union that allows all the independent countries of Europe to share a common currency and to unite their economic and military power, are 27. Major languages spoken in Europe include French, German, Spanish, Swiss, and Portuguese among many others. The world's oldest countries like France, Portugal and Denmark also reside in this continent. The longest lake of Europe is Balaton stretching up to 592 square kilometers. The importance of rivers can never be ignored as they have a massive influence on a country's trade and economy. The longest rivers in Europe are Volga and Danube. Coming towards the major cities of Europe, we can easily say that Moscow, London, Madrid, Rome and Paris are the biggest and the most important one. The Europeans have made great progress in the economy and has emerged as the major economic powers of the world. The prime sectors of its economy include transport, energy and research whereas EU is the world's biggest exporter and second-biggest importer.
Largest countries of Europe
The world's largest country in terms of both area and population, Russia, lies in Europe. According to recent estimates, its total area is found to be 3,960,000 square kilometers. This area is 1.8 times bigger than the size of the US. This country underwent significant economic changes and has emerged as more consolidated globally-integrated economy. It has made rapid progress in its trade centers and two-third of its trade takes place with the countries of European Union ultimately benefitting the continent.
Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe considering its area. It was considered to be the most powerful state in Europe in the 10th century. Kharkiv, Odesa and Donestk are among the famous cities of Ukraine. It stands second to Russia in economic terms as well.
France, one of the most developed countries in the world leads other European countries. It has the reputation of being the permanent member NATO, G-8 and G-20. It has a diversified economy yielding enormous revenue every year. France attracts a large number of tourists and maintains the 3rd largest income for tourism in the world.
Top Economies of Europe
When it comes to economy, all the European countries are extensively developed and prosperous. They are making rapid advancement in the fields of technology and innovation. Two-third of its trade takes place with other European Union countries.
Sweden is said to be the most competitive and developed economy of Europe. It has well equipped communication and education system that can measure up to any system of the modern economy. Iron ore, timber and hydro power are the major export sources of Sweden. Its GDPper capita is $ 41,700 which is the highest in Europe.
Germany has the fifth largest developed economy in the world and it ranks second in Europe. It is the major exporter of machinery and vehicles; also it has the world's leading automobile industry. It's GDP per capita (PPP) is calculated to be $39,100-lying second in Europe.
France has the world's most diversified and stable economy with the reputation of being the world's most modern countries. Though most of its major companies including Air France and France Telecom have been privatized, but still the government's intervention in various sectors like, power, energy and defense makes it the 3rd most powerful economy in Europe.
Top European Universities
The world knows that Europe has the best universities on earth which are best known for their engineering sector. Students from all around the globe make their way to Europe to pursue their higher studies on minimal expenses at the European universities offer a wide range of scholarships.
Oxford University is regarded as one of the best universities in Europe with a global ranking of being the second best. It is also known as the oldest surviving universities of the current era. It acquires a dominant position in almost every area be it medical, business studies or engineering. Globally, it also enjoys the reputation of producing the highest number of Nobel Prize winners.
Cambridge University stands just next to Oxford. It is globally raked as 7th while it is one of the world’s oldest and leading educational centers of the world. It has 31 colleges and more than 150 departments. Among other distinctions, it is best known for the quality of its research. The Time magazine ranks the Imperial College of London as one of the highly reputed colleges in the world. The university has made great progress in the fields of education, research, science and engineering. One of the prime goals of the university remains the application of knowledge in trade, commerce and healthcare sectors. It is consistently rated as among the European top three universities while acquiring 8th position in the world.
Most popular sports in Europe
Europe has made great advancement in the field of sports too. A myriad number of sports are popular in Europe including Football, Cricket, Tennis and Athletics among many others. Europe has given birth to some of the best tennis and football players which enjoy a huge fan following throughout the world. There is no denying in the fact that Europeans show great enthusiasm and fervor towards sports.
Europeans show great fervor for Football or Soccer and is known as the most popular sport in Europe. The zeal for soccer is common in almost all the countries of Europe. There are a total of 47 countries in this continent and Soccer occupies dominant position in terms of popularity.
Tennis is another sport that is quite famous among all the European Union countries. Europe rules the world of tennis with players like Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal when we talk about men's tennis. The same applies to the female tennis players like Maria Sharapova, Steffi Graff among many others.
Other famous sports in Europe include Athletics, Rugby, Swimming, Bicycle Racing and Bull fighting.
Important land marks in Europe
A landmark is symbol containing different meanings. It might represent an idea, a culture or a belief. Europe is rich in landmarks that make it the prime destination for the tourists. From gigantic steel structures to the majestic beauty of nature, you are going to find everything depending on the type of experience you want to have there in Europe. All these landmarks are terrific and attract large number visitors every year.
The Roman Coliseum is one of the oldest known monuments on the planet earth. This enormous structure used to be a theater that could accommodate more than 50,000 people. Despite its ancient and unrepaired structure, it still successfully manages to draw a large number of people from all around the world.
Istanbul has emerged as a top-notch tourist spot over the years and continues to attract flocks of tourists. Istanbul in Turkey is a vibrant blend of various cultures. Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman culture extends throughout the city.
Other famous places of visitor’s choice include Tower Bridge, Edinburgh Castle, Buckingham Palace, Big Ben and Cathedral Notre-Dame among many others.