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ARTICLES

* a, an- లను singular common nounsకు ముందు మాత్రమే ఉపయోగించాలి.

* బహువచనంలో (plural) ఉండే common nouns కు ముందు a లేదా an లను ఉపయోగించకూడదు.
* a అనే article ను consonant soundతో ప్రారంభమయ్యే singular common nounsకు ముందు ఉపయోగించాలి. (eg: a pen, a cat, a dog, a fan, a gun, a hen, a jug, a kite, a leg, a mat, a net)
* an అనే articleను vowel soundతో ప్రారంభమయ్యే singular common nounsకు ముందు ఉపయోగించాలి. (eg: an ant, an apple, an academy, an engineer, an eagle, an earthquake, an idiot, an idiom, an image, an illustration, an office, an object, an orator, an oyster)
* a, an లకు సంబంధించిన సాధారణ ఉపయోగాల కంటే, వాటికి ఉన్న ప్రత్యేకమైన ఉపయోగాల గురించి బాగా అధ్యయనం చేయండి. ఉదాహరణకు ఈ కింది expressionsలో ‘a’ను ఉపయోగించడాన్ని బాగా పరిశీలించండి.
H a couple H a dozen H half a dozen H a quarter H a thousand H a million H a lot of H a great deal of H a great number of H a good deal of H a great many H a score H many a H five rupees a kilo H ten rupees a dozen H five times a year H a few people H a little milk

* కొన్ని singular common nouns అచ్చు అక్షరంతో (vowel letter) మొదలైనప్పటికీ అవి ప్రారంభంలో హల్లు శబ్దాన్ని (consonant sound) కలిగి ఉండటం వల్ల వాటికి ముందు a అనే articleను ఉపయోగించాలి. (eg: a university; a union, a European, a useful lesson, a unit, a utensil, a one rupee note, a one eyed beggar etc.)
* కొన్ని singular common nouns హల్లు అక్షరంతో (consonant letter) మొదలైనప్పటికీ అవి ప్రారంభంలో అచ్చు శబ్దాన్ని (vowel sound) కలిగి ఉండటం వల్ల వాటికి ముందు an అనే articleను ఉపయోగించాలి. (eg: an hour, an honest man, an heir, an honourable position etc.)
* The అనే ఆర్టికల్‌ను ఉపయోగించే ముఖ్యమైన సందర్భాలను గుర్తుంచుకోండి.
Examples:
*  Before the names of unique things (eg: the sun, the moon, the earth, the sky, the world)
*  Before the superlative adjectives (eg: the tallest, the most, the best, the least, the smallest)
*  Before the names of rivers, seas, oceans etc. (eg: the Ganges, the Black sea, the Indian ocean)

*  Before the names of the important books (eg: The Paradise Lost, The Bible, The Ramayana, The Gita)

*  Before the names of nationalities, sects and communities (eg: the French, the British, the Indians, the Hindus)
*  Before adjectives that qualify a proper noun (eg: Mahatma the great, Mother Teressa the mother)
*  Before the names of musical instruments (eg: the veena, the sitar, the tabala, the flute, the guitar)
*  Before the names of historical buildings (eg: the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, the charminar)  
*  Before the names of directions: (eg: the east, the west, the north, the south)
*  Before the ordinal numbers (eg: first, second, third, fourth, tenth etc)
*  Before the double comparatives (eg.The more you give, the less I want.)
*  Before the comparative degree used in the sense of a superlative degree (Prema is the cleverest of the two sisters.) 

*  Before the proper nouns which are used as common nouns (eg: Kalidasa is the Shakespeare of India.)

*  గమనిక: Omission of the articles (no article)పై బాగా శ్రద్ధ పెట్టాలి.
Example:
* Before proper nouns which denote the names of persons, streets, villages, cities and countries (eg: Vamsi, Ongole, Nellore, Gandhi Nagar, India etc.)
* Before the names of months, days (eg: March, April, June, Sunday, Monday etc.)
* Before some words when used in general or broad sense (eg: jail, school, college, park, market, man, woman, supper, breakfast, lunch, nature etc)
* Before abstract nouns in general sense (wisdom, knowledge, beauty, courage, honesty etc.)
* Before material nouns in general sense (gold, oil, milk, copper, cotton, steel, iron etc)
* Before the names of games (cricket, tennis etc.)
* Before the names of diseases (fever, cancer, etc. but a headache)

*   Omission of the articles కు ఉండే exceptions (general sense and special sense)ను బాగా అధ్యయనం చేయాలి.

*  కొన్ని ప్రత్యేకమైన phrasesలో articles ను ఉపయోగించరు. అలాంటి phrasesను బాగా జ్ఞాపకం ఉంచుకోవాలి. (eg: on fire; on earth, catch fire, bring word, give ear, by land, on foot, lose heart, above ground, on demand, at home, inland, in debt, at sunset etc.)
*  Articlesకు సంబంధించిన common errors or mistakesపై ప్రత్యేకంగా దృష్టి ఉంచాలి.
* పైన చెప్పిన అన్ని ముఖ్యమైన అంశాలు కింద ఇచ్చిన exercisesలో మీరు practice చేయవచ్చు.

 

EXERCISE – 1

1. Sowmya wants to buy ......... laptop computer next month.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. Can you please go to ......... grocery store on Fifth Street and buy 2 litres of milk?
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. Please meet me at the train station in ......... hour from now.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. I like to watch ............ cricket on television. It is a very good game.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. Sindhu was given an award for being ......... best speller in our school.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. I saw ......... elephant crossing the road in front of my school yesterday.

(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

7. Hello, my name is Venkat! I haven’t anything to do tonight, so if you’re not busy, would you like to watch ......... movie or something with me?
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. How much will it cost to go on ......... holiday to Hailand?
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. Can you please help me pick out ......... birthday present for my daughter?
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

10. ....... President of India will be visiting Australia next week.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

Answers: 1 – 1; 2 – 3; 3 – 2; 4 – 4; 5 – 3; 6 – 2; 7 – 1; 8 – 1; 9 – 1; 10 – 3

 

EXERCISE – 2

1. January is .......... first month of the year.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. People from all parts of India and ............. world come to see Puri.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. Usha gave me .......... one hundred rupee note.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. I have finished reading ............ interesting novel just now.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. ...........Indian Ocean is very useful for our country.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. ........... sooner you do it, ....... better it is.

(1) a, the (2) an, the (3) the, the (4) the, a

7. I know .............. English language.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. The old man died of ........... cholera.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. He is weak in ............mathematics.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

10. His clothes caught ........... fire.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

Answers: 1 – 3; 2 – 3; 3 – 1; 4 – 2; 5 – 3; 6 – 3; 7 – 3; 8 – 4; 9 – 4; 10 – 4

 

EXERCISE – 3

1. He goes to school ........... foot daily.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. ............... God is the Almighty.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. Hindi is ......... easy language.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. There is ......... young man who is waiting for me.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. Vamsi is ............ university student.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. ........water is necessary to .......... life.
(1) a, a (2) an, the (3) the, the (4) No articles are needed

7. This ring is made of ........... gold.

(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. I have ...... headache.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. Once there was .......... mouse. ........ mouse was always in anxiety.
(1) a, an (2) a, the (3) the, the (4) the, a

10. ........... more he eats, ......... fatter he grows.
(1) a, a (2) a, the (3) the, the (4) the , a

Answers: 1 – 4; 2 – 4; 3 – 2; 4 – 1; 5 – 1; 6 – 4; 7 – 4; 8 – 1; 9 – 2; 10 – 3

 

EXERCISE - 4

1. I have received ............ good news from abroad.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. ............. Brahmaputra is ............. mighty river.
(1) a, a (2) a, the (3) the, a (4) the, the

3. Add ............. adjective before ......... noun.
(1) a, an (2) an, a (3) the, the (4) an, an

4. This is .................... useful lesson to be read by you.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. Somnath is ........... honourable person and he comes from Delhi.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. Kalidasa is ......... Shakespeare of India.

(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

7. I need ........... piece of paper to write ........... letter
(1) a, a (2) an, an (3) the, the (4) No articles are needed

8. Johnson is ............. European student who frequently comes here.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. ............ friend of mine is expecting ...... baby.
(1) a, an (2) a, a (3) the, the (4) a, an

10. You will get ...... shock if you touch ..... live wire with that screwdriver.
(1)  a, a (2) an, an (3) the, the (4) the, a

Answers: 1 – 1; 2 – 3; 3 – 2; 4 – 1; 5 – 32; 6 – 3; 7 – 1; 8 – 1; 9 – 2; 10 – 1

 

EXERCISE – 5

1. Manoj is ........... union leader.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. There is ............ one legged sailor on the beach.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. Raghu is ............. honest citizen.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. I received ........ good deal of money from him yesterday.

5. Priyanka bought half ........... dozen apples.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. She bought these mangoes at ten rupees ........ dozen.

(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

7. What ......... pretty girl!
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. ..................... man you met yesterday is my uncle.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. He is going to take ............ supper.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

10. This is a matter of ............. pleasure.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed.

Answers: 1 – 1; 2 – 1; 3 – 1; 4 – 1; 5 – 1; 6 – 1; 7 – 1; 8 – 3; 9 – 4; 10 – 4

 

EXERCISE – 6

1. He has .............. knowledge of history.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. Everybody appreciates .............. beauty of Madhavi.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. Nobody believes in ............ honesty of the political leaders.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. Rithwik is .......... taller of the two brothers.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. I am a big fan of ...........N.T.Rama Rao.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. I speak English at ............ home.

(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

7. .............. white stands for purity.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. We go to cool places in .......... summer.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. ........... blue dress you wore yesterday was liked by all.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

10. Wordsworth is a worshipper of ....... Nature.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

Answers: 1 – 3; 2 – 3; 3 – 3; 4 – 3; 5 – 4; 6 – 4; 7 – 4; 8 – 4; 9 – 3; 10 – 4

 

Exercise – 7

1. A: What’s wrong?
B: I have …… bad headache.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

2. A: Tell me the reason. Why was today’s class cancelled?
B: Because …….. teacher is sick.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

3. A: What does he do?
B: He’s …….. optician.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

4. A: What did Venkat buy?
B: He bought …….. expensive car.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

5. A: How long does it take to get there?
B: It takes about half …….. hour.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

6. A: I want to change the channel.
B: OK, the remote control is on ……. table.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

7. A: Why can’t she come along with us to Australia?
B: She doesn’t have ……. passport.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

8. A: Where does our company manager live?
B: In ……. apartment on the fifth street.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

9. A: Oh no, where is it?
B: Don’t worry, ……. pen is in my bag.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

10. A: I don’t understand the meaning of this word.
B: You need to buy …….. dictionary.
(1) a (2) an (3) the (4) No article is needed

Answers: 1 – 1; 2 – 3; 3 – 2; 4 – 2; 5 – 2; 6 – 3; 7 – 1; 8 – 2; 9 – 3; 10 – 1

 

EXERCISE – 8

1. Choose the sentence in which an article is needed.
(1) I have no cash in hand.
(2) He answered all my questions at ease.
(3) I cannot find these kind of plants on earth.
(4) Cricket is popular game.

2. Choose the sentence in which there is no need of the use of the article ‘the’.
(1) I will meet you at day break.
(2) Sun rises in east.
(3) Steel produced at Visakha Steel Plant is of high quality.
(4) Paper used for printing this book is very cheap.

3. Choose the sentence with the correct use of articles.
(1) Man is a social animal.
(2) The man is a mortal.
(3) All men are a mortals.
(4) I saw an one eyed beggar at beach.

4. The article á’ can be used before:
(1) a plural noun beginning with a vowel sound.
(2) a plural word beginning with a consonant sound.
(3) a singular noun beginning with a vowel sound.
(4) a singular common noun beginning with a consonant sound.

5. Choose the sentence in which the word ‘milk’ does not take an article before it.
(1) She bought milk bottle.
(2) Milk used in making coffee is of fine quality.
(3) Have you seen milk which I brought here.
(4) Milk is a nutritious food for children.

6. Choose the phrase which takes ‘the’ before it.
(1) tallest building
(2) good idea
(3) interesting novel
(4) nice shirt

7. Choose the sentence in which an adjective is used as a noun and takes an article before it.
(1) He is a great poet.
(2) The rich are happy in the world.
(3) She is the most courageous student in this school.
(4) She is a beautiful dancer.

8. Choose the sentence in which a proper noun is used as a common noun and takes an article before it.
(1) He went to Manchester.
(2) Manchester is my favourite place.
(3) He came from Manchester yesterday.
(4) Bombay is Manchester of India.

9. Choose the sentence with the correct use of articles.
(1) The wisdom of Greek philosophers has been recognised on earth.
(2) The wisdom of the Greek philosophers has been recognised on earth.
(3) Wisdom of Greek philosophers has been recognised on the earth.
(4) The wisdom of the Greek philosophers has been recognised on earth.

10. Choose the grammatically correct sentence with regards to the use of articles.
(1) The prevention is better than cure.
(2) The health is wealth.
(3) The Ganga is a sacred river.
(4) The Mathematics is a useful science.

Answers: 1 – 4; 2 – 1; 3 – 1; 4 – 4; 5 – 4; 6 – 1; 7 – 2; 8 – 4; 9 – 4; 10 – 3

Posted Date : 12-02-2021

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్లో వచ్చే ప్రకటనలు అనేక దేశాల నుండి, వ్యాపారస్తులు లేదా వ్యక్తుల నుండి వివిధ పద్ధతులలో సేకరించబడతాయి. ఆయా ప్రకటనకర్తల ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల గురించి ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికీ, ఉద్యోగస్తులకూ ఎటువంటి అవగాహనా ఉండదు. కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచిననుసరించి కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికతతో పంపబడతాయి. ఏ ప్రకటనని అయినా పాఠకులు తగినంత జాగ్రత్త వహించి, ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల గురించి తగిన విచారణ చేసి, తగిన జాగ్రత్తలు తీసుకొని కొనుగోలు చేయాలి. ఉత్పత్తులు / సేవలపై ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎటువంటి నియంత్రణ ఉండదు. కనుక ఉత్పత్తులు లేదా సేవల నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాల విషయంలో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యం ఎటువంటి బాధ్యత వహించదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఎటువంటి ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకీ తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు తీసుకోబడవు.

 

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