Directions (Qs. 1 - 20): The given sentence has been divided up into four different parts A, B, C and D. Select the portion of the sentence which contains an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option ‘E’(no error) as your answer.
1. The company's new marketing strategy includes (A)/ targeting customers whom are (B)/ between the ages of 18 to 30, because (C)/ they spend more money on leisure activities. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: ‘who’ should come in place of ‘whom’. "Who" and "whom" are both pronouns used to refer to people, but they are used differently in sentences. "Who" is used as the subject of a sentence or a clause, meaning it performs the action.
E.g.: Who is coming to the party? "Whom" is used as the object of a verb or a preposition, meaning it receives the action.
E.g.: Whom did you invite to the party?
2. I seen the cast of the upcoming (A)/ movie doing promotions at the (B)/ shopping mall yesterday, while I (C)/ was roaming around the city.(D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: "saw" (V2 ) should be used instead of "seen" (V3 ). The word "Seen" is a past participle form of the verb ‘see’ and it requires an auxiliary verb, such as "have" or "had," to form a compound verb tense. But we can’t find those words here.
Instead, we can transform this sentence into simple past tense (subject + V2 ), as we find the word ‘yesterday’ in the sentence.
3. Each of the boys in the (A)/ class, needs to bring their (B)/ own notebook and pen (C)/ to the exam tomorrow. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: ‘His / her’ should be used in place of ‘their’. The grammatical error in this sentence is the incorrect use of pronouns and subjectverb agreement. As the singular subject "each" requires a singular verb form "needs", the possessive pronoun "their" should be replaced with the singular possessive pronoun "his" or "her".
4. I am excited to go (A)/ on vacation with my (B)/ friends and stay at (C)/ the hotel we booked in. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The preposition "in" is incorrect usage here and the preposition "at" is the correct usage. This is because, we use the preposition ‘to’ when referring to a specific location, such as a hotel or restaurant.
5. Yesterday, I was working on (A)/ my computer, when suddenly (B)/ the screen freeze and (C)/ I was not able to save my work. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The grammatical error in this sentence is a mismatch between the past continuous tense "was working" and the present verb ‘freeze’ in the same sentence. This sentence is written in past tense, so the verb "freeze" needs to be changed to the past verb "froze" to match the rest of the sentence.
6. I would like to go (A)/ for a walk, but my (B)/ dog is too tired and I am (C)/ not feeling good neither. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The word "neither" is the incorrect usage here and it should be replaced with the word "either." The word "neither" is used in negative sentences to indicate that two things are not true, while "either" is used in affirmative sentences to indicate a choice between two things.
7. The group of students were all excited (A)/ to present their project to the class, (B)/ but when they start to speak, their (C)/ nerves cause them to stumble over their words. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: Here, the students are formed in the form of a group. In this case, we have to consider all the students as one group (singular), and we now use singular verb (was) to support a singular noun.
8. The dogs bark loudly (A)/ in the park every day, (B)/ but sometimes they runs (C)/ away from their owners. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The grammatical error in this sentence is the mismatch between the subject "dogs" (plural) and the verb "runs" (singular). Here the verb ‘runs’ should be replaced with the verb ‘run’, as we know that the third person plural does not take the verb with ‘+s/ es’ as its suffixes.
9. The team of scientists was eagerly to test their (A)/ new theory, but when they began (B)/ to conduct experiments, it became clear (C)/ that there were some flaws in their methodology. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The word ‘eager’ is the correct usage here as it describes a feeling or state of being, while "eagerly" describes how an action is performed. "Eager" is an adjective that describes a feeling of enthusiasm or a strong desire to do something.
Here, the team of scientists was eager (describes a feeling) to test their new theory.
10. The boys, who were (A)/ playing outside all day, (B)/ they are very tired (C)/ and hungry now. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The word ‘they’ should be removed from the sentence, because the plural noun (the boys) is already present at the starting of the sentence and there is only one sentence here. So, usage of the pronoun (they) is unnecessary to the sentence.
11. Me and him went to (A)/ the store to buy some (B)/ snacks, but we forgot (C)/ our money at home. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: "He and I" should be used as the subject of the sentence instead of "Me and him". Because, "He and I" are the subjects of the sentence, so we need to use the subject pronouns "He" and "I". We use ‘me’ and ‘him’ in case of objective pronouns.
12. I wanted to go to the party, (A)/ but I had to stay home to (B)/ study for my exams, (C)/ and I wanted to watch a movie too. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The usage of conjunction "and" is not appropriate here because it is being used to join two clauses that are not of equal importance or relevance. The phrase "I wanted to watch a movie too" is not directly related to the main idea of the sentence. The first sentence expresses the main idea of the sentence by stating the reason why the speaker had to stay home instead of going to the party. The second sentence adds additional information about what the speaker wanted to do but couldn't because of their study obligations.
13. The company is not (A)/ responsible of any (B)/ damage caused by (C)/ using their product. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The preposition "of" is incorrect here. It should be replaced with the preposition "for" to show responsibility. The phrase "responsible for" means that the company is held accountable for any damage caused by their product. The corrected sentence now conveys the intended meaning that the company is not responsible for any damage caused by using their product.
14. She jumped on the car and drove (A)/ off to the mall without waiting (B)/ for her family members, leaving from (C)/ them behind in the parking lot. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The preposition "from" is not necessary to the sentence. It should be "leaving them behind," without the preposition "from." "Leaving them behind" is a complete and correct phrase that communicates the idea of leaving her friends in the parking lot.
15. He ran quick (A)/ towards the finish line, (B)/ hoping to break (C)/ his personal record. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: "Quick" is an adjective that describes a noun, not a verb. In this sentence, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "ran," and describes how he ran towards the finish line. Therefore, the correct form of the adverb "quickly" should be used to indicate the manner in which he ran towards the finish line.
16. She sings beautifully, but (A)/ she dances awful, which (B)/ is why her performances always seems (C)/ to be received mixed reviews from the audience. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The grammatical error in this sentence is the adjective "awful" that which is used as an adverb here. In this context, it should be replaced with the adverb "awfully" to modify the verb "dances,".
17. I run brisk and careless (A)/ through the forest, not worrying (B)/ about tripping on a loose branch (C)/ or getting scratched by sharp bushes. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The grammatical errors in this sentence are the use of "brisk" as an adverb instead of "briskly" and "careless" as an adverb instead of "carelessly." The word "brisk" is an adjective that describes a noun, while "briskly" is the adverb that describes how the verb is being performed. Similarly, "careless" is an adjective that describes a noun, while "carelessly" is the adverb that describes how the verb is being performed. In the corrected sentence, "briskly" and "carelessly" correctly modify the verbs "run" and "worrying," respectively.
18. I am really excited for going to (A)/ watch the movie with my friends (B)/ tonight, but I am not (C)/ sure if I am dressed well enough. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: The correct phrase should be "excited about going" instead of ‘excited for going’. The phrase “excited about” is used to express enthusiasm or eagerness for an upcoming event or activity.
19. The boy threw his toy car (A)/ in the well (B)/ and returned home (C)/ only with its remote. (D)/ No Error (E)
Explanation: The phrase ‘in the well’ should be replaced with ‘into the well’. The word ‘in’ is a preposition that indicates a location or a situation within a defined space or time. For example: The book is in the bag. (Indicating the location of book.) The word ‘into’ is a preposition that indicates movement or action towards the inside of a defined space or towards a particular state or condition. For example: He walked into the room. (Indicating the movement of the person).
20. No sooner had the Vande Bharat train reached (A)/ at the station then (B)/ the passengers began (C)/ to take selfies with their mobile phones. (D)/ No error (E)
Explanation: ‘No sooner had the Vande Bharat train reached at the station than’ is the correct usage. The structure for the sentences starting with ‘No sooner ........ than’ is: “No sooner + did/ had + noun + than”. ‘No sooner did the teacher enter the room than everyone began to wish’ is another example.