# Profit and Loss

1. The marked price of the item is 60% above the cost price of the item and the shopkeeper offers a discount of 25% and gets a profit of Rs.36. What is the cost price of the item?

A) 180    B) 260   C) 100    D) 200    E) 270

2. The respective ratio between the marked prices of article A to B is 5 : 7. If the two articles A and B are sold without offering any discount the profits earned are 100% and 75% respectively, and then find the respective ratio between the cost price two articles A and B?

A) 6 : 7    B) 7 : 5    C) 5 : 8   D) 5 : 3    E) 9 : 5

Sol: MP's of two articles A & B = 5x, 7x

Profit of article A = 100%

then SP of articles A = 200%

profit of articles B = 75%

then SP of article B = 175%

CP = 5 : 8

Ans: C

3. The sum of cost price of two articles A and B is Rs.350. Both articles marked up 60% above cost price. If marked price of article B is Rs.80 more than that of A, then find the cost price (in Rs.) of article A?

A) 175    B) 165   C) 150   D) 140   E) 185

4. A shop keeper bought two tables (M and N) for Rs. 1400. He sold N at a loss of 10% and M at a profit of 20%. If the selling price of each table is the same, then find what is the cost price of N?

A) 500    B) 400   C) 800   D) 600   E) 700

Sol: Let assume CP of M = x

then CP of N = 1400 − x

4200 − 3x = 4x

7x = 4200

x = 600

CP of N =1400 − 600 = 800

Ans: C

5. The ratio between the cost price of two articles P and Q is 5 : 8 respectively. Article Q was sold with a profit of 25 percent. If article P’ also was sold at the same price, what would have been the percent profit only for article P?

A) 100    B) 125    C) 120    D) 200    E) Data provided are not adequate to answer the question

Sol: Let assume CP's of articles P and Q

= 500x : 800x

article Q was sold with 25%

6. A dealer offers 16% discount on the marked Price of a certain item and thereby makes a profit of 26%. If the Marked Price of the item was Rs.12,000, how much discount should he offer on the Marked Price so as to make a profit of 17% on the item?

A) 18%    B) 16.75%    C) 21.5%    D) 14%    E) 22%

7. The cost price of item B is Rs.100 more than the cost price of item A. Item A was sold at a profit of 25% and item B was sold at a loss of 20%. If the respective ratio of selling price of items A and B is 5 : 4, what is the cost price of item A?

A) Rs. 450    B) Rs. 350    C) Rs. 500   D) Rs. 400    E) Rs.480

8. Percent profit earned when an article is sold for Rs. 532 is double the percent profit earned when the same article is sold for Rs. 456. If the marked price of the article is 50% above the cost price, what is the marked price of the article?

A) Rs. 570    B) Rs. 540   C) Rs. 630   D) Rs. 560   E) Rs. 590

9. A dealer offers 25% discount on the Marked Price of an article and thereby makes a loss of 10%. If the marked Price of the item was Rs. 4,800. How much discount should he offer on the Marked Price so as to make a profit of Rs. 440 on the item?

A) 8%   B) 7%    C) 7.25%   D) 8.5%    E) 7.5%

10. Arvind earned a profit of 20% on selling an article at 10% discount. If the cost price of the article was Rs. 3750, then what was the marked price of the article?

A) Rs. 5000   B) Rs. 4750    C) Rs. 4500    D) Rs. 4250   E) Rs. 5500

11. A dealer offers 24% discount on the marked price of a certain item and thereby makes a loss of 5%. If the marked price of the item was Rs. 4,500, how much discount should he offer on the marked price so as to make a profit of 15% on the item?

A) 8%    B) 7.5%    C) 8.75%   D) 8.5%    E) 8.25%

12. Percent profit earned when an article is sold for Rs. 824 is double the percent profit earned when the same article is sold for Rs. 742. If the marked price of the article is 20% above the cost price, what is the marked price of the article?

A) Rs. 625    B) Rs. 750    C) Rs. 850    D) Rs. 792    E) Rs. 600

13. Vijay bought an article after a discount of 30% and sold it to Mohan at 50% profit. If Vijay earned a profit of Rs.2870 while selling the article to Mohan, what was the marked price of the article? (In Rs.)

A) 6600    B) 6560   C) 8200   D) 8500   E) 9184

Sol: Let MP of article = 100x

Vijay bought the article (CP) = 70x

Vijay sold the article ( SP) = 105x

105x − 70x = 35x

14. ‘A’ sold an article for Rs. 7500 and incurred a loss. Had he sold the article for Rs. 8400, his gain would have been twice the amount of loss. At what price should the article been sold to earn 25% profit?

A) Rs. 11420    B) Rs. 9750    C) Rs. 12840    D) Rs. 9840    E) Rs. 10480

15. Arvind earned a profit of 32% on selling an article at 12% discount. If the cost price of the article was Rs. 3000, then what was the marked price of the article?

A) Rs. 5500    B) Rs. 4850    C) Rs. 5300    D) Rs. 4500    E) Rs. 5000

Posted Date : 18-02-2023

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.