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ROOT WORD, PREFIX & SUFFIX  

 A root word is a word or a part of a word that forms new words with the addition of prefixes and suffixes to it. A root word has its own meaning and we can't break down it any further. Generally, we take root words from Greek, Latin and English languages. With the help of root words, we can understand and memorize the words that are related to a particular root word, so that we can improve our vocabulary skills. Having knowledge of prefixes and suffixes also helps us in improving our verbal skills. A prefix is added at the beginning of a word to change the meaning of the word. A suffix is added at the end of a word to change the meaning of word. Here are some examples of root words, prefixes and suffixes.

 

Anthro

 Anthro means human

e.g.: Anthropology – Study of humans. Anthropoid – Animal resembling a human. Misanthrope – A person who dislikes human.

 

 Bene

 Bene means good

e.g.: Benefit – Profit gained from something.Benefactor – A person who help others.

 

 Cide

 Cide means kill

b Genocide – Killing of a large number of people. Suicide – Killing of one’s self. Insecticide – Substance used for killing insects.

 

 Dur

 Dur means hard

e.g.: Durable – Able to withstand damages. Endure – Facing difficulties patiently.

 

 Equi

 Equi means equal

e.g.: Inequal – Not equal. Equilibrium – A state of physical balance. Equity – The quality of being fair and impartial.

 

 Flex

 Flex means bend

e.g.: Flexible – Capable of bending easily. Reflex – Bent or turned backwards.

 

Geo

Geo means earth

e.g.: Geography – Study of physical features of the earth Geology – Study of structure of the earth. Perigee – The orbit nearest to the earth.

 

 Hetero

 Hetero means different

e.g.: Heterogeneous – Different in character or content. Heterosexual – Attraction between opposite sexes.

 Lith

Lith means stone

e.g.: Lithography – Printing process using a flat stone. Monolith – A single stone made into a monument. Neolithic – Related to stone age.

 Junc

Junc means join, connect

e.g.: Junction – A point where two or more things join. Adjunct – A thing added to something additionally.

 

Suffixes

 

-ful

 ful means full of, tend to, as much as

e.g.: Beautiful – Full of beauty. Harmful – Tend to do harm. Spoonful – As much as to fill in a spoon.

 

 -ism

 ism means a distinctive ideology, practice, system

e.g.: Darwinism – Principles of Darwin’s theory. Jainism – Practice of Jain religion. Socialism - A political and economic theory of social organisation regulated by a community.

 

-logy

 logy means field of study

e.g.: Biology – Study of living things. Astrology – Study of stars. Musicology – Study of music.

 

-ion, -tion, -ation

ion means denoting an action; tion means express an action; ation means state of something.

e.g.: Union – The act of uniting. Revolution – A sudden change. Separation – State of being separate.

 

 -ous, -eous, -ious

 ous means contain, possess; eous means composed of; ious means full of

e.g.: Poisonous – Contains poison. Igneous – (rocks) formed by intensive heating. Delicious – Full of taste.
 

Prefixes

 

 Dys-

 Dys means Ill, bad, not good

e.g.: Dysfunction – Not operating properly. Dyslexia – Not good in learning words. Dysphoria – A state of restlessness or unwell.

 

 Inter-

F Inter means between, among

e.g.: Intercity – Between or among cities. Interatomic- Between atoms.

 

 Mis-

 Mis means wrongly, incorrectly

e.g.: Mistake – Taking something incorrectly. Misfire – Fail to fire properly. Misprint – Printing of something incorrectly.

 

 Pre-

 Pre means before, infront of

e.g.: Predict – Say in advance. Preface – Something written in front of a book.

 

 Trans-

 Trans means transportation, complete change

e.g.: Transfer – Move one place to another. Transplant – Removing a plant from one place and plant it in another place. Transform- Change into another substance.

 

Some more..

 

 Acro

F Acro means high, tip

e.g.: Acrobat, Acronym, Acrophobia

 

Act

Act means to move, to do

e.g.: Action, Exact, Transact

 

 Ambi

Ambi means both

e.g.: Ambidextrous, Ambivalence, Ambiance

 

Ambig

F Ambig means doubtful

e.g.: Ambiguous, Disambiguate

 

Anim

 Anim means life, spirit

e.g.: Animal, Animate, Equanimity

 

Anthro

 Anthro means man

e.g.: Anthropoid, Anthropology, Misanthrope

 

 Anti

 Anti means opposite

e.g.: Antisocial, Antidote, Antioxidant

 

 Aqua

 Aqua means water

e.g.: Aquatic, Aqueduct, Aquifer

 

 Arbor

Arbor means tree

e.g.: Arboraceous, Arboriculture, Arborist

 

 Astro

 Astro means star, heavenly body

e.g.: Asteroid, Astronomy, Disaster

 

Audi

 Audi means hear

e.g.: Audio, Audience, Audible

 

 Auto

 Auto means self

e.g.: Autograph, Autonomous, Autopsy

 

 Baro

F Baro means weight, pressure

e.g.: Barometer, Baron, Barotrauma

 

 Belli

 Belli means war

e.g.: Belligerence, Cobelligerent

 

 Bene

F Bene means good, well

e.g.: Benefactor, Benefit, Benevolent

 

 Biblio

 Biblio means book

e.g.: Bible, Bibliographer, Bibliography

 

 Bio

 Bio meams life

e.g.: Biodegradable, Biology, Biosphere

 

 Calor

F Calor means heat

e.g.: Calorie, Calorific, Calorimeter

 

 Cardio

 Cardio means heart

e.g.: Cardiograph, Cardiolipin, Cardiology

 

 Carn

F Carn means flesh

e.g.: Carnivore, Carnage, Carnation

 

 Cede

 Cede means give, yield

e.g.: Concede, Precede, Recede

 

 Cent

 Cent means one hundred

e.g.: Centennial, Centigrade,Centimetre

 

 Cert

F Cert means sure

e.g.: Certain, Certify, Ascertain

 

 Chron

 Chron means time

e.g.: Chronicle, Chronology, Synchronize

 

 Cide

 Cide means act of killing

e.g.: Suicide, Infanticide, Matricide

 

 Cious

 Cious means to do something

e.g.: Ferocious, Avaricious, Pugnacious

 

 Cline

 Cline means lean

e.g.: Incline, Decline, Recline

 

 Circum

 Circum means around

e.g.: Circumcise, Circumference, Circumlocution

 

 Contra

 Contra means against

e.g.: Contraband, Contraception, Contradict

 

 Corp

 Corp means body

e.g.: Corporation, Corps, Corpse

 

 Counter

 Counter means opposite

e.g.: Counterattack, Counter clockwise, Encounter

 

 

 Cracy

 Cracy means rule

e.g.: Autocracy, Bureaucracy, Democracy

 

 Cranio

F Cranio means skull

e.g.: Cranium, Cranial, Craniology

 

 Cred

 Cred means believe

e.g.: Credential, Credible, Credit
 

 

 Crypto

 Crypto means hidden
e.g.: Cryptobiosis, Cryptocurrency, Cryptography

Posted Date : 10-12-2021

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.

 

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