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 A root word is a word or a part of a word that forms new words with the addition of prefixes and suffixes to it. A root word has its own meaning and we can't break down it any further. Generally, we take root words from Greek, Latin and English languages. With the help of root words, we can understand and memorize the words that are related to a particular root word, so that we can improve our vocabulary skills. Having knowledge of prefixes and suffixes also helps us in improving our verbal skills. A prefix is added at the beginning of a word to change the meaning of the word. A suffix is added at the end of a word to change the meaning of word. Here are some examples of root words, prefixes and suffixes.


 Anthro means human

e.g.: Anthropology – Study of humans. Anthropoid – Animal resembling a human. Misanthrope – A person who dislikes human.


 Bene means good

e.g.: Benefit – Profit gained from something.Benefactor – A person who help others.


 Cide means kill

b Genocide – Killing of a large number of people. Suicide – Killing of one’s self. Insecticide – Substance used for killing insects.


 Dur means hard

e.g.: Durable – Able to withstand damages. Endure – Facing difficulties patiently.


 Equi means equal

e.g.: Inequal – Not equal. Equilibrium – A state of physical balance. Equity – The quality of being fair and impartial.


 Flex means bend

e.g.: Flexible – Capable of bending easily. Reflex – Bent or turned backwards.


Geo means earth

e.g.: Geography – Study of physical features of the earth Geology – Study of structure of the earth. Perigee – The orbit nearest to the earth.


 Hetero means different

e.g.: Heterogeneous – Different in character or content. Heterosexual – Attraction between opposite sexes.


Lith means stone

e.g.: Lithography – Printing process using a flat stone. Monolith – A single stone made into a monument. Neolithic – Related to stone age.


Junc means join, connect

e.g.: Junction – A point where two or more things join. Adjunct – A thing added to something additionally.



 ful means full of, tend to, as much as

e.g.: Beautiful – Full of beauty. Harmful – Tend to do harm. Spoonful – As much as to fill in a spoon.


 ism means a distinctive ideology, practice, system

e.g.: Darwinism – Principles of Darwin’s theory. Jainism – Practice of Jain religion. Socialism - A political and economic theory of social organisation regulated by a community.


 logy means field of study

e.g.: Biology – Study of living things. Astrology – Study of stars. Musicology – Study of music.

-ion, -tion, -ation

ion means denoting an action; tion means express an action; ation means state of something.

e.g.: Union – The act of uniting. Revolution – A sudden change. Separation – State of being separate.

 -ous, -eous, -ious

 ous means contain, possess; eous means composed of; ious means full of

e.g.: Poisonous – Contains poison. Igneous – (rocks) formed by intensive heating. Delicious – Full of taste.



 Dys means Ill, bad, not good

e.g.: Dysfunction – Not operating properly. Dyslexia – Not good in learning words. Dysphoria – A state of restlessness or unwell.


F Inter means between, among

e.g.: Intercity – Between or among cities. Interatomic- Between atoms.


 Mis means wrongly, incorrectly

e.g.: Mistake – Taking something incorrectly. Misfire – Fail to fire properly. Misprint – Printing of something incorrectly.


 Pre means before, infront of

e.g.: Predict – Say in advance. Preface – Something written in front of a book.


 Trans means transportation, complete change

e.g.: Transfer – Move one place to another. Transplant – Removing a plant from one place and plant it in another place. Transform- Change into another substance.

Some more..


F Acro means high, tip

e.g.: Acrobat, Acronym, Acrophobia


Act means to move, to do

e.g.: Action, Exact, Transact


Ambi means both

e.g.: Ambidextrous, Ambivalence, Ambiance


F Ambig means doubtful

e.g.: Ambiguous, Disambiguate


 Anim means life, spirit

e.g.: Animal, Animate, Equanimity


 Anthro means man

e.g.: Anthropoid, Anthropology, Misanthrope


 Anti means opposite

e.g.: Antisocial, Antidote, Antioxidant


 Aqua means water

e.g.: Aquatic, Aqueduct, Aquifer


Arbor means tree

e.g.: Arboraceous, Arboriculture, Arborist


 Astro means star, heavenly body

e.g.: Asteroid, Astronomy, Disaster


 Audi means hear

e.g.: Audio, Audience, Audible


 Auto means self

e.g.: Autograph, Autonomous, Autopsy


F Baro means weight, pressure

e.g.: Barometer, Baron, Barotrauma


 Belli means war

e.g.: Belligerence, Cobelligerent


F Bene means good, well

e.g.: Benefactor, Benefit, Benevolent


 Biblio means book

e.g.: Bible, Bibliographer, Bibliography


 Bio meams life

e.g.: Biodegradable, Biology, Biosphere


F Calor means heat

e.g.: Calorie, Calorific, Calorimeter


 Cardio means heart

e.g.: Cardiograph, Cardiolipin, Cardiology


F Carn means flesh

e.g.: Carnivore, Carnage, Carnation


 Cede means give, yield

e.g.: Concede, Precede, Recede


 Cent means one hundred

e.g.: Centennial, Centigrade,Centimetre


F Cert means sure

e.g.: Certain, Certify, Ascertain


 Chron means time

e.g.: Chronicle, Chronology, Synchronize


 Cide means act of killing

e.g.: Suicide, Infanticide, Matricide


 Cious means to do something

e.g.: Ferocious, Avaricious, Pugnacious


 Cline means lean

e.g.: Incline, Decline, Recline


 Circum means around

e.g.: Circumcise, Circumference, Circumlocution


 Contra means against

e.g.: Contraband, Contraception, Contradict


 Corp means body

e.g.: Corporation, Corps, Corpse


 Counter means opposite

e.g.: Counterattack, Counter clockwise, Encounter


 Cracy means rule

e.g.: Autocracy, Bureaucracy, Democracy


F Cranio means skull

e.g.: Cranium, Cranial, Craniology


 Cred means believe

e.g.: Credential, Credible, Credit


 Crypto means hidden
e.g.: Cryptobiosis, Cryptocurrency, Cryptography

Posted Date : 10-12-2021

గమనిక : ప్రతిభ.ఈనాడు.నెట్‌లో కనిపించే వ్యాపార ప్రకటనలు వివిధ దేశాల్లోని వ్యాపారులు, సంస్థల నుంచి వస్తాయి. మరి కొన్ని ప్రకటనలు పాఠకుల అభిరుచి మేరకు కృత్రిమ మేధస్సు సాంకేతికత సాయంతో ప్రదర్శితమవుతుంటాయి. ఆ ప్రకటనల్లోని ఉత్పత్తులను లేదా సేవలను పాఠకులు స్వయంగా విచారించుకొని, జాగ్రత్తగా పరిశీలించి కొనుక్కోవాలి లేదా వినియోగించుకోవాలి. వాటి నాణ్యత లేదా లోపాలతో ఈనాడు యాజమాన్యానికి ఎలాంటి సంబంధం లేదు. ఈ విషయంలో ఉత్తర ప్రత్యుత్తరాలకు, ఈ-మెయిల్స్ కి, ఇంకా ఇతర రూపాల్లో సమాచార మార్పిడికి తావు లేదు. ఫిర్యాదులు స్వీకరించడం కుదరదు. పాఠకులు గమనించి, సహకరించాలని మనవి.



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